BLACKBUCK (Syllabus: GS Paper 3 – Env and Eco)

News-CRUX-10     23rd April 2024        

Context: This summer, the blackbucks of Bihar’s Bhojpur, Buxar, and Rohtas districts will likely find some relief, as they won't have to travel long distances in search of water under the scorching sun.


  • About: It is a species of antelope native to India and Nepal.
  • Also known as: Antilope cervicapra or the Indian Antelope
  • Distribution: It is widespread in Rajasthan, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Odisha, and other areas throughout peninsular India.
  • Symbol of Grasslands: It is considered as the epitome of grassland.
  • Behavior: The blackbuck is a diurnal antelope (active mainly during the day).
  • Recognition: It has been declared as the State Animal of Punjab, Haryana, and Andhra Pradesh.
  • Cultural Importance: It is a symbol of purity for Hinduism as its skin and horns are regarded as sacred objects. For Buddhism, it is a symbol of good luck.
  • Protection Status
  • Wildlife Protection Act 1972: Schedule I
  • IUCN Status: Least Concern.
  • CITES: Appendix III
  • State Animal: Punjab, Haryana and Andhra Pradesh. Blackbuck conservation reserve is being built at Allahabad, UP (first in India).
  • Threats: Habitat Fragmentation, Deforestation, Natural Calamities, Illegal Hunting.
  • Protected Areas

oVelavadar Blackbuck Sanctuary

oPoint Calimere Wildlife Sanctuary

oNilgiri biosphere reserve

oCorbett national park