BERLIN PROCESS (Syllabus: GS Paper 2 – IR)

News-CRUX-10     18th October 2023        
output themes

Context: Recently, leaders from the European Union and the Western Balkans held a summit in Albania's capital to discuss the path to membership in the bloc for the six countries of the region.

  • The main topics at the annual talks — called the Berlin Process — are integrating the Western Balkans into a single market and supporting their green and digital transformation.
  • The nations in the region are Albania, Bosnia, Kosovo, Montenegro, North Macedonia and Serbia.

Berlin Process

  • A platform for high-level cooperation between the leaders of the 6 Western Balkan countries (WB6).
  • The Process also involves the EU institutions, international financial institutions, the region’s civil society, youth and businesses.
  • Establishment: 2014
  • Objective: Improve connectivity, neighbourly, and interpersonal relationships among WB6 countries.
  • Integrate the WB6 countries into a single market.
  • Support their green and digital transformation.
  • Provide support for the European Union (EU) integration of the WB6 countries.



Balkan Countries

  • WB6: Albania, Bosnia, Kosovo, Montenegro, North Macedonia and Serbia
  • Balkan Countries: Croatia, Slovenia, Bulgaria, Romania, Moldova, Greece, Turkey and WB6.
Samadhaan