BASIC ANIMAL HUSBANDRY STATISTICS REPORT (Syllabus: GS Paper 3 – Economy)

News-CRUX-10     27th November 2023        
Samadhaan

Context: The recently released Basic Animal Husbandry Statistics 2023 report  indicates that the pace of milk output in India decelerated in 2022-23, primarily attributed to the lumpy skin disease epidemic; nevertheless, the country continues to hold its position as the world's largest producer.

Key Facts as per Basic Animal Husbandry Statistics 2023 report :

  • Dairy Sector in India (Major facts): The largest agri commodity in India is milk. It contributes 5% to the national economy and employs 80 million dairy farmers directly.

o India is ranked 1st in milk production contributing 23 % of global milk production.

o India is first among all countries in both production and consumption of milk.

o Top Milk-Producing State: Uttar Pradesh (15.72%), followed by Rajasthan(14.44%) and Madhya Pradesh (8.73%).

  • Livestock Population: India has one of the largest national livestock populations in the world according to the 2019 livestock census.
  • Egg production: During 2022-23 registered a growth of 33.31% growth over the past 5 years as compared to 2018-19. 

o Major contributors: Andhra Pradesh>Tamil Nadu>Telangana>West Bengal>Karnataka (6.51 %).

o In terms of AGR: West Bengal>Sikkim>Uttar Pradesh.

  • Meat Production: During 2022-23 registered a growth of 20.39 % over the past 5 years.

o Major contributors: Uttar Pradesh>West Bengal>Maharashtra>Andhra Pradesh>Telangana.

o In terms of Annual Growth Rate (AGR): Sikkim>Meghalaya>Goa.

  • Wool Production: During 2022-23 registered a negative growth of 16.84% over the past 5 years.

o Major contributors: Rajasthan with a share of 47.98% followed by Jammu & Kashmir (22.55%), Gujarat (6.01%), Maharashtra (4.73%) and Himachal Pradesh (4.27%).

o In terms of Annual Growth Rate (AGR): Arunachal Pradesh (35.75%) followed by Rajasthan (6.06%) and Jharkhand (2.36%).

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