ARTIFICIAL SWEETENERS (Syllabus: GS Paper 3 – Sci and Tech)

News-CRUX-10     8th June 2024        
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Context: A recent study in the European Heart Journal warns that consuming high levels of xylitol, an artificial sweetener found in various products, may increase the risk of serious cardiovascular events such as heart attacks and strokes by causing blood clots.

Artificial Sweeteners

  • About: It provide a sweet taste without the high calorie content of regular sugar, aiding in weight management.
  • Chemical Synthesis: These sweeteners are synthesized chemically to provide a sweet taste without the high calorie content found in regular sugar.
  • Examples: Saccharin, aspartame, acesulfame potassium (Ace-K), sucralose, neotame, and advantame.
  • Benefits

oThese sweeteners have minimal impact on blood sugar levels, making them suitable for individuals with diabetes.

oIndividuals with PKU can safely consume artificial sweeteners since they are free from phenylalanine, a compound harmful to those with this genetic disorder.

oArtificial sweeteners are used in various food and beverage products, providing low-calorie options for diet sodas, sugar-free desserts, and low-calorie snacks.


  • About: It is a sugar alcohol naturally found in small amounts in fruit and vegetables, and it's also produced by the human body.
  • Advantage: As an additive, xylitol resembles sugar in taste and appearance but contains 40% fewer calories, making it a popular choice for low-calorie products.
  • Common Uses: It's utilized in various products such as sugar-free gum, candies, toothpaste, and baked goods, often at concentrations much higher than its natural occurrence.
  • Keto-Friendly: Xylitol is frequently featured in products labeled "keto-friendly," particularly in European markets, catering to consumers following low-carb diets.