AMANGARH TIGER RESERVE (Syllabus: GS Paper 3 – Env and Eco)

News-CRUX-10     31st October 2023        
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Context: The tiger population at the Amangarh Tiger Reserve has increased from 21 mature tigers and six cubs in 2021 to 28 mature tigers and four cubs now.

Amangarh Tiger Reserve

  • Geographical Location: Amangarh is situated in the Bijnor district of the state of Uttar Pradesh.
  • Regional Setting: This area is part of the Terai region and encompasses approximately 578 square kilometers.
  • Boundary Proximity: Amangarh shares its boundaries with the Jim Corbett National Park, which is located in the neighboring state of Uttarakhand.
  • Historical Connection: Originally, Amangarh was a part of the Jim Corbett National Park. 

o However, when the state of Uttarakhand was established, Jim Corbett became part of Uttarakhand, while Amangarh remained in Uttar Pradesh.

  • Tiger Reserve Status: In 2012, Amangarh was officially designated as a tiger reserve.

Tiger (Panthera tigris)

  • 9 sub-species of tiger existed in the past out of which 3 have been extinct (Turkey, Bali, Java). 
  • The tigers are an "umbrella" species as by rescuing them, everything beneath their ecological umbrella is saved. 
  • A keystone & flagship species: Being the dominant predators of the ecosystem, Tigers ensure that the numbers of herbivores like deer are kept balanced, thus preventing overgrazing, & ensuring well-being of the forests.
  • Conservation status – IUCN: Endangered, Wildlife protection Act, 1972: Schedule I, CITES: Appendix I
  • Total Tiger Reserves in India – 53. 

o Latest one being Guru Ghasidas National Park & and Tamor Pingla Wildlife Sanctuary in Chhattisgarh.

o Maximum Tiger reserves – Maharashtra and MP (6 each).