ALVARO CYCLONE (Syllabus: GS Paper 1 – Geography)

News-CRUX-10     6th January 2024        
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Context: Alvaro, the first cyclone of 2024, made landfall near Morombe in Madagascar on January 1, 2024.


  • About: It is the first cyclone to hit Madagascar during the 2023-2024 season, which in the southwest Indian Ocean runs from around late October to May.
  • Affected: Tropical Cyclone Alvaro has affected close to half of the total number of people affected by Cyclone Freddy in Madagascar.

oFreddy, made landfall along Madagascar’s south-eastern coast on February 21, 2023.

  • Resilience and Preparedness to tropical cyclones across Southern Africa (REPRESA): It is an international initiative that aims to improve community preparedness for tropical cyclones in Southern Africa.


  • About: Madagascar, island country lying off the southeastern coast of Africa. 
  • 4th Largest Island: It is the fourth largest island in the world, after Greenland, New Guinea, and Borneo.
  • Land: It is located in the southwestern Indian Ocean and is separated from the African coast by the 250-mile- (400-km-) wide Mozambique Channel.
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