AGNI PRIME (Syllabus: GS Paper 3 – Sci and Tech)

News-CRUX-10     5th April 2024        
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Context: India successfully carried out the launch of the new-generation nuclear-capable ballistic missile 'Agni Prime' from Abdul Kalam Island off the coast of Odisha.

Agni Prime

  • About: The ‘Agni Prime’ or ‘Agni-P’ is a nuclear-capable new-generation advanced variant of the Agni class of missiles.
  • Advanced Features and Design: It is a two-stage canisterised missile with a maximum range of 1,000 to 2,000 km.

oThe ‘Agni Prime’ missile is lighter than all the earlier Agni series of missiles, weighing at least 50 per cent less than the Agni 3 missile.

oIt incorporates new guidance and propulsion systems, enhancing its efficiency and accuracy.

  • Enhanced Transportability and Storage: Being canisterised, it can be transported by road and rail, and stored for longer periods.

oThis feature significantly reduces the time required for preparation and launch.

  • Launch Capabilities: The missile uses a cold launch mechanism and can be fired in salvo mode, adding to its versatility.


India's Missile Arsenal Expansion:

  • Agni-5: It is a land based nuclear MIRV-capable Intercontinental Ballistic Missile (ICBM).

oOperational range: 7,000–8,000 kilometres.

  • Agni I: Medium Range with a Range of 700-800 km.
  • Agni II: Medium Range with a Range more than 2000 km.
  • Agni III: Inter-Medium Range with Range of more than 2,500 Km
  • Agni IV: Inter-Medium Range with Range more than 3,500 km.
  • Agni- VI: Longest of the Agni series, an Inter-Continental Ballistic Missile (ICBM) with a range of ICBM 11,000–12,000 km.
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