ACHANAKMAR TIGER RESERVE (Syllabus: GS Paper 3 – Env & Eco)

News-CRUX-10     12th September 2023        
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Context: Recently, tracking teams inside Achanakmar Tiger Reserve in Chhattisgarh have been diligently monitoring the movements of a tigress, aimed at bolstering the reserve's dwindling population of these majestic big cats.

  • The latest Status of Tigers, Co-Predators and Prey in India census report, 2022 by the National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) showed that Chhattisgarh, which shares a border with Madhya Pradesh, has just 17 tigers. Meanwhile, Madhya Pradesh — from which Chhattisgarh was carved out in 2000 — has 785 big cats.

Achanakmar Tiger Reserve

  • Location: It is located in the Bilaspur district of Chhattisgarh.
  • About: It was declared a tiger reserve in 2009. It is a part of the huge Achanakmar-Amarkantak Biosphere Reserve. Maniyari River flows right from the center of this reserve, which is the forest's lifeline. It has a corridor connecting to Kanha and Bandhavgarh Tiger reserves and plays a critical role in the dispersal of tigers among these reserves.
  • Vegetation: Tropical deciduous forest.
  • Flora: Sal, bija, saja, haldu, teak, tinsa, dhawara, lendia, khamar, and bamboo bloom here, along with over 600 species of medicinal plants.
  • Fauna: Wild fauna includes the tiger, leopard, bison, flying squirrel, Indian giant squirrel, chinkara, wild dog, hyena, sambar, chital, and over 150 species of birds.

National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA)

  • It is a statutory body under the Ministry of Environment, Forest, and Climate Change (MoEFCC).
  • Establishment: In 2006 under the Wildlife (Protection) Act of 1972.
  • Objectives:
  • Providing statutory authority to Project Tiger so that compliance with its directives becomes legal.
  • Fostering accountability of Center-State in the management of Tiger Reserves by providing a basis for a MoU with States within the federal structure.
  • Addressing the livelihood interests of local people in areas surrounding Tiger Reserves.
  • NTCA Members: Minister in charge of MoEFCC (as Chairperson), Minister of State in MoEFCC (as Vice-Chairperson), Three members of Parliament, The Secretary (MoEFCC) and other members.
Samadhaan