G20's International Financial Architecture

Mains Marks Booster     27th July 2023        
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Introduction: The G20, a forum of major economies, recognizes the importance of strengthening the international financial architecture. Under the G20 finance track, the International Financial Architecture Working Group plays a vital role in addressing challenges and enhancing stability. 

International Financial Architecture Working Group

  • The International Financial Architecture Working Group operates under the G20 finance track.
  • Its aim is to strengthen the international financial architecture and address challenges faced by vulnerable countries.
  • The Ministry of Finance and the Reserve Bank of India, along with France and South Korea as co-chairs, jointly moderate the discussions.

Central Bank Digital Currencies (CBDCs) Event

  • In conjunction with the Working Group meeting, a G20 event on CBDCs is scheduled.
  • The event aims to share country experiences and deepen understanding of the wider implications of CBDCs.
  • It provides a platform to discuss opportunities and challenges related to CBDC implementation.

India Assumes G20 Presidency

  • India takes over the G20 Presidency on December 1, 2022, succeeding Indonesia.
  • In 2023, India will host the G20 Leaders' Summit for the first time, aiming to find pragmatic global solutions and embody the spirit of 'Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam' (World is One Family).

Priorities Set by India's Presidency

  • Green Development: G20 Action Plan to Accelerate Progress on Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
  • Climate Finance & LiFE: G20 High-Level Principles on Lifestyles for Sustainable Development, emphasizing the interlinkages between development, climate, and environment.
  • Inclusive & Resilient Growth: Fostering accelerated and inclusive growth for all.
  • Technological Transformation & Digital Infrastructure: Advancing technological innovation and digital public infrastructure.
  • Reforming Multilateral Institutions: Prioritizing reforms in WTO, WHO, and other UN bodies for a modernized multilateral system.
  • Women-led Development: Promoting women-led development as a new growth narrative.

Analysis of India's Priorities

  • Reflecting India's Culture: The chosen priorities align with India's pluralistic traditions and cultural heritage.
  • Inclusive Infrastructure: The priorities focus on inclusive development of infrastructure.
  • Challenging International Mechanisms: The priorities aim to challenge and reform mechanisms within WTO, WHO, and other UN bodies.
  • LiFE Initiative: The priorities emphasize individual participation in environmental conservation through the LiFE initiative.
  • Women Empowerment: The priorities prioritize women's participation and leadership in development.

Significance of India's Presidency

  • Leading at a Crucial Time: India's leadership comes during a critical period of global recovery from the pandemic and the Russia-Ukraine conflict.
  • Global South Representation: With Indonesia and Brazil, India's Presidency represents the Global South, addressing concerns inhibiting its development.
  • Global Peacemaker Role: India's Presidency is seen as an opportunity for peace-making efforts between Russia and Ukraine.
  • Disaster Management: India can provide leadership in disaster risk reduction through the G20's Working Group on Disaster Risk Reduction.
  • Addressing Global Health Challenges: India's Presidency can address global health challenges and strengthen global governance for pandemic prevention.
  • Supporting Developing Countries: The Presidency aims to meet the needs of developing countries, small island developing states (SIDS), least developed countries (LDCs), and vulnerable nations.
  • India-EU Cooperation: G20 serves as a platform for India and Europe to collaborate on reformed multilateralism, climate action, and resolving the Russia-Ukraine conflict.
  • Economic Importance for BIMSTEC: India's Presidency is economically crucial for BIMSTEC countries like Bangladesh and Myanmar, enhancing trade ties and regional multilateral cooperation.

Successes Under India's Leadership

  • Focus on African Development: India highlights the unique developmental imperatives of the African continent.
  • Broad-based Participation: India promotes civic participation through 'Jan Bhagidari,' involving youth, women, businesses, and civil society in G20 initiatives.
  • Upholding Values: India's G20 Presidency upholds the principles of 'Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam' (One Earth, One Family, One Future) for global welfare.
  • Highlighting Kashmir's Potential: By hosting a G20 meeting in Kashmir, India showcases the region's tourism potential and asserts its geopolitical stand.
  • Advocacy for the Global South: India's support for the Global South is driven by the aim of equitable resource distribution, democratic world order, and improved living conditions for all.


  • The G20's International Financial Architecture Working Group plays a crucial role in strengthening the global financial system
  • Under India's chairmanship, discussions aim to enhance stability, address challenges, and maximize support for vulnerable countries
  • The events organized during India's G20 Presidency facilitate awareness and participation, while the upcoming G20 Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors Meeting in Bengaluru will shape key priorities for global economic governance.
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