From delayed and denied justice to swift and accessible justice:
  • Meaning: It expresses the transformation of a legal or judicial system from one that is slow, inefficient, and often fails to provide fair outcomes to one that is efficient, timely, and readily available to all.
  • Usage: It can be used in questions related to - Judicial delays and justice delivery, Pending of cases and solution, Judicial reform, Appointment of judges, Legal services and free justice delivery Etc.
SPICE (Smart, Precise Impact, Cost-Effective) technology:
  • Meaning: It represents an approach or system designed to be intelligent and efficient, ensuring that it delivers targeted and accurate results while being mindful of costs and resources.
  • Usage: It can be used in questions related to - Technological development and its impacts, R&D and innovation, IPR regime, Scientific developmental and its application, Critical technologies, Etc.
Democratization and Universalization of technology:
  • Meaning: It refers to ensure that technology is not limited to a select few but is accessible and beneficial to a larger and more diverse group of people. They encompass efforts to break down barriers, increase accessibility, and promote equitable and global participation in the benefits of technology.
  • Usage: It can be used in questions related to – Financial Inclusion – DBT, PM Jan Dhan Yojana, Internet penetration, Technological development, Developed and developing countries, Vaccines development,
From Startup to Scale Up:
  • Meaning: It shows a critical phase in a company's development, as it represents the shift from the early, often uncertain stages to a more mature and growth-oriented phase.
  • Usage: It can be used in questions related to – Make in India, Startup India, Skill India, Atmanirbhar bharat, India as a developed economy by 2047, MSMEs, Etc.


Initiative taken for women’s role in water governance:
  • Step taken: The Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA) recently unveild a progressive initiative "Women for Water, Water for Women Campaign" under its flagship scheme - Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT).
  • Objective: This campaign celebrates "Jal Diwali” and aims to provide a platform for inclusion of women in water governance. By empowering women with knowledge about water treatment processes and infrastructure, MoHUA aims to enhance their ability to ensure access to safe and clean drinking water for their households. The campaign aims to address issues of gender equality by promoting inclusivity and diversity in sectors traditionally dominated by men.


Kay facts related to India’s achievement in various sectors:
  • As per WIPO’s (World Intellectual Property Organisation) annual World Intellectual Property Indicators (WIPI) report: Patent filings by Indian applicants grew by 31.6% in 2022, extending an 11-year run of growth unmatched by any other country among the top 10 filers.
  • India’s fast growing innovation ecosystem: The resident patent filings in India (filed with the Indian Patent Office) rose by 47% in 2022, and were half of the total filings with the Indian Patent Office. So, for the first time ever, there were more patents filed by Indian residents as against foreign filers, reflecting.


Vice President’s speech:
  • On warfare and penetration of technology in strategic domains: “The best defence is that you are capable of extreme offence.”
  • On Corruption: “Corruption as the greatest enemy of democracy as it impedes growth of ordinary man and makes people hopeless.”


Supreme court (SC) judgements which discourage women’s voice against their exploitation:
  • Madhya Pradesh High Court in Rajan v. The State of Madhya Pradesh: The court highlighted the “misuse” of Section 498A (cruelty to women) of the Indian Penal Code — wives these days file “a package of five cases” against their husbands and in-laws. 
  • Calcutta High Court’s in Swapan Kumar Das v State of West Bengal: The court observed that Section 498A is used by women to unleash “legal terrorism”. 
SC on conflict between State government and Governor:
  • The Supreme Court (SC) in the Shamsher Singh case verdict has held that as a formal head of the State a “Governor exercises all his powers and functions conferred on him by or under the Constitution on the aid and advice of his Council of Ministers save in spheres where the Governor is required by or under the Constitution to exercise his functions in his discretion.”


Net Neutrality:
  • Definition: Network neutrality, often referred to as net neutrality, is the concept of an open, equal internet for everyone, regardless of device, application or platform used and content consumed.
B Appointment of Judges in Supreme Court:
  • Definition: Under Article 124 of the Constitution, the President of India appoints judges of the Supreme Court (SC) after the recommendation of a Collegium to a five-member body, comprising the CJI and four of his senior-most colleagues.


Quote on War and Conflict: There are no military solutions – dialogue and diplomacy are the only guarantee of lasting peace”. – MARTIN MCGUINNESS
  • Meaning: The quote underscores the idea that armed conflict and military actions alone are not sufficient to achieve long-lasting peace. Instead, it emphasizes the importance of using peaceful means, such as negotiations, diplomacy, and dialogue, to resolve conflicts and establish sustainable peace.