Age of innovation from school to startups:
  • Meaning: It suggests a period characterized by a focus on innovation and entrepreneurial thinking that extends from the educational system (schools) to the business world (startups).
  • Usage: It can be used in questions related to - Atal innovation Mission, R&D and innovation in India, Education system and NEP 2020, IPR regime in India and India’s growth in world innovation Etc.
Pockets of hope:
  • Meaning: It refers to specific places, situations, or instances where optimism, positive change, or potential for improvement can be found amid a larger context of difficulty, despair, or adversity. These pockets represent areas or moments where there is a glimmer of hope or progress, even when the overall situation may be challenging or grim.
  • Usage: It can be used in questions related to – Aspirational districts, Villages, SEZs and urban areas, India as a centre of investment, supply chain, trade, etc., Etc.
Working for the 4Ps: Planet, People, Peace and Prosperity:
  • Meaning: It is a statement that reflects a commitment to pursuing a balanced and holistic approach to various aspects of life, society, and the world.
  • Usage: It can be used in questions related to – Climate change and environment resilience, Climate induced migration and refugee problem, Disaster management, Sustainable development goals, International cooperation, Holistic approach Etc.
From vicious cycle of poverty to virtuous cycle of growth & prosperity:
  • Meaning: It implies that a society or economy has broken free from the cycle of deprivation and stagnation. It has achieved sustainable economic growth and an improvement in the overall quality of life for its citizens.
  • Usage: It can be used in questions to refer – targeted policies, investments, and initiatives, Poverty and vulnerable sections of the society, inclusive and sustainable development, economic growth and India as a developed economy by 2047 Etc.


Community participation in waste management and forest conservation:
  • Case: Gulf of Mannar Biosphere Reserve, Tamil Nadu.
  • Step taken: The Gulf of Mannar Biosphere Reserve Trust has also introduced the concept of ‘plastic checkpoints.
  • Community members check all vehicles and tourists for plastic waste, which is collected, recycled and used for the construction of roads.
  • It was also awarded with UNESCO Michel Batisse Award for Biosphere Reserve Management 2023.
  • Case: In the Sundarban Biosphere Reserve in India, local communities are working together to manage mangrove forests and protect the biodiversity of the region. 
Step taken to bring electoral awareness in young generation:
  • Step taken: A Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on electoral literacy was recently signed between the Election Commission of India (ECI) and the Ministry of Education to bring electoral literacy among students.
  • The MoU is aimed at extending the ECI’s flagship Systematic Voters’ Education and Electoral Participation (SVEEP) in schools and colleges. The objective is to encourage universal and enlightened participation of future voters in elections. 


India’s improving rank in innovations:
  • In the Global Innovation Index (GII): India has jumped to the 40th rank in 2023 from 81 in 2015.
Success and challenge in Atal innovation mission (Atal Tinkering Labs):
  • Success: So far, 10,000 ATLs have been established over six years engaging more than 75 lakh students.
  • Challenges: 60 per cent of the 10,000 labs are in rural areas, so it is difficult for labs to get repair work or to get new product quickly.


Vice President’s speech:
  • On Women equality: “Gender equality is quintessence to any equality and there can be no equality in society if there is no gender equality.”
  • Gender equality has to be in substance, not in form; and its manifestation has to be a ground reality.


Recommendation of FRBM Committee on Establishing Fiscal Council (For suggesting finance commission):
  • The FRBM (fiscal responsibility and budget management) committee headed by NK Singh recommended the establishment of a such a council whose mandate will be making:
  • Multi-year fiscal projections,
  • Preparing fiscal sustainability analysis,
  • Providing an independent assessment of the Centre’s fiscal performance and compliance with fiscal rules, and
  • Recommending suitable changes to the fiscal strategy. 


Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism (CBAM):
  • Definition: The CBAM is a carbon tariff on carbon intensive products, such as cement and other imported products by the European Union to avert ‘carbon leakage’. It refers to a phenomenon of ensuring that imported goods are subject to the same carbon costs as products produced within the domestic market.
Tax Devolution:
  • Definition: It refers to the distribution of tax revenues between the central government and the state governments. It is a constitutional mechanism established to allocate the proceeds of certain taxes among the Union and the states in a fair and equitable manner.
  • Article 280 of the Constitution of India mandates that the Finance Commission (FC) has the responsibility to make recommendations regarding the division of the net proceeds of taxes between the Union and the states.


Quote on Women: As long as women in India do not take part in public life, there can be no salvation for the country”. – Mahatma Gandhi
  • Meaning: The quote emphasizes the importance of women's active involvement in the social, political, and economic aspects of Indian society. The quote suggests that for India to progress, achieve its goals, and find redemption from its challenges, it is imperative that women are given equal opportunities and encouraged to participate in public life.t we learn best from real-life examples rather than abstract principles or theoretical teachings.
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