Aaj Ka Quality Enrichment Program     3rd July 2023     Save    
output themes
Reservoir of trust:

  • Meaning: It refers to a collective level of trust that exists within a particular group, community, society or institutions. 
  • It represents the stock or reserve of trust that individuals have in one another and in the institutions and systems that govern their interactions.
  • Usage: It can be used in questions related to Office of governor, Constitution and Democracy, Executive, legislature and judiciary, Institutions like ECI, CAG etc., civil services, etc.

De-risk rather than de-link the economic/diplomatic/trade link: 
  • Meaning: De-risking refers to the process of reducing or mitigating risks associated with economic, diplomatic, or trade linkages rather than completely severing or "de-linking" those linkages. 
  • It involves implementing measures and strategies to address and manage potential risks while maintaining the overall connectivity and engagement between entities or nations.
  • Usage: It can be used in questions related to international relation – particularly bilateral relations with China and Pakistan, multilateral institutions like WTO.

Lokmat and Lokhit (Opinion and welfare of people):
  • Meaning: While Lokmat signifies opinions and viewpoints of the people Lokhit" signifies principles and actions that are in the best interest of the people or society. 
  • Usage: It can be used in questions related to Participatory democracy, Good governance, Inclusive growth, social audit etc.

Model of transparency, modernity and corruption-free (TMC) governance:
  • Meaning: A model of transparency, modernity, and corruption-free governance encompasses principles and practices aimed at promoting accountability, openness, efficiency, and integrity in the governance of a country or organization. 
  • Other such trinities: Participation, Inclusivity, and Empowerment, Innovation, Adaptability, and Future-readiness etc.
  • Usage: It can be used as India as a model of TMC governance, use of digital technology (e-governance). Governance, transparency and accountability, civil service reforms, cooperative societies.

Steps taken to reduce use of chemical fertilizers in agriculture:
  • PM-PRANAM: The government has started the PM-PRANAM scheme to ensure that more and more farmers adopt chemical-free farming. Under this, emphasis will be laid on the production of alternative fertilizers, or organic fertilizers.  
  • Example of waste to art:
  • Case: New Delhi capital region (NCR)
  • Steps taken: Sculptures of animals and birds from G-20 countries, made of metal, are installed in a park all around the capital.
  • Significan

Comparison of India-China economic growth: 
Investments and exports:
  • Between 2003 and 2011: The country’s investment to GDP ratio (gross fixed capital formation): China - averaged 40%, India: only around 33%. 
  • Between 2012-2021: China – 43%, India – 29%.
  • Exports: Between 2007 and 2021, China’s exports averaged about 24% of GDP. While India’s exports have averaged roughly 21% over this period, they were almost stagnant at around 19 per cent between 2015 and 2020.
  • Labor force in agriculture: In China - fell by roughly 1.5% points per year between 2003 and 2019 (prior to the pandemic). In India, it declined by around 1 percentage point and continues. 
  • GDP growth: Between 2007 and 2021, the Chinese economy grew at 8% on average per year, while the Indian economy grew at 6%.

India’s position in fisheries:
  • India ranks:3rd largest: fish producer and 4th largest: exporter in the world.

Status of India’s GHGs emission:
  • India ranks eighth-worst on air quality.
  • India is the world’s third-largest emitter of GHGs: India’s per capita greenhouse-gas (GHG) emissions are less than half the global average.
  • Road transport accounts for about 10% of India’s emissions.

PM Speech on Co-operatives:
  • In a large part of the country, cooperatives have become a major support for small farmers. 
  • The country's cooperative sector is going to play a major role in order to raise the potential of the country's villages and the country's farmers in 'Amritkaal’. 
  • Together, the government and the cooperative will give double strength to the resolve of a developed India, a self-reliant India. 
  • Cooperatives will become a powerful stream of the country's economy. We also have to move towards building such villages, which will become self-reliant by following the cooperative model. 

  • Supreme court on Governor's role: Shreya Singhal vs Union of India: SC upheld the validity of Section 69A and the Blocking Rules after observing that sufficient procedural safeguards were embedded.
  • Brij Bhushan And Another vs The State of Delhi: SC held that pre-censorship on freedom of speech is unconstitutional. 
  • Such a digital prior-restraint, that too so disproportionate in nature, has the potential of inducing a chilling effect on the freedom of speech of online platform users.

Probity in Governance: 
  • Definition: Probity means the quality of having strong moral principles and acting ethically and fairly.
  • Probity in governance refers to the adherence to principles of honesty, integrity, and ethical conduct by individuals in positions of power and responsibility within the governance framework.

Co-operative society:
  • Definition: It is a voluntary organization of people who share a common interest, such as farmers, consumers, or employees and work together for a common goal, i.e., welfare of its members.
  • Constitutional Provisions with respect to Co-operative Societies:
  • Article 19: Article 19(1)(c) states that the right to form cooperative societies is a fundamental right.
  • Article 43B: The State shall endeavour to promote voluntary formation, autonomous functioning, democratic control, and professional management of cooperative societies.

Quote on Balance of power: “The balance of power is the scale of peace”.   THOMAS PAINE
  • Meaning: It suggests that maintaining a balance of power among different entities or nations can contribute to peace and stability. 
  • It implies that when power is distributed relatively evenly and no single entity or group dominates others, it can help prevent conflicts and maintain a state of peaceful coexistence.
Quote on principles of sustainability and equitable resource management: “In nature, there is enough for everyone’s need.”    - Mahatma Gandhi
  • Meaning: The concept aligns with the principles of sustainability and equitable resource management. 
  • It suggests that it is possible to ensure that essential resources such as food, water, and shelter are available for all individuals, both present and future generations. 
  • However, it acknowledges that there are limits to the Earth's resources and that human activities can put strains on ecosystems and natural systems due their greediness.
output themes