From Growth without equity to inclusive growth:
  • Meaning: It represents a conscious effort to not only generate economic prosperity but also ensure that this prosperity is more broadly shared, reducing income inequality and promoting social and economic well-being for all members of society.
  • Usage: It can be used in questions related to - Increasing economic and social inequality, inclusive and sustainable development, Gig economy, Government schemes and policies reforms, Universal basic income, Etc.
Human centricity in law:
  • Meaning: It refers to a legal approach or framework that places the well-being, rights, and interests of individuals and society at the center of its focus and decision-making.
  • Usage: It can be used in questions related to – Laws and regulation, legal reforms – like reform in IPC, CRPC etc., Government schemes and policies, human rights, good governance, civil services reforms Etc.
Boom and bust:
  • Meaning: It describe the cyclical pattern of economic expansion (boom) and contraction (bust) that occurs in various industries and economies. It refers to the periodic fluctuations in economic activity that can lead to periods of rapid growth and prosperity (boom) followed by periods of decline, recession, or depression (bust).
  • Usage: It can be used in questions related to – economy, tax collection, employment, trade, COVID and recession,
Natural shield against air pollution:
  • Meaning: It refers to the protective effect provided by natural elements, such as vegetation, geographical features, or atmospheric conditions, that help reduce or mitigate the impact of air pollution on the environment and human health.
  • Usage: It can be used in questions to refer – Trees, Forests and Vegetation, Wetlands and Water Bodies, Mangroves and Coastal Vegetation, Etc.


Significant benefits of technologies:
  • Example: The use of cutting-edge technologies like drone-surveys, google earth, tablets and freight operations information systems and enhanced vigilance has prevented economic losses amounting to approximately Rs. 10 cr. In the current financial year (2023-34).


Impact of Air pollution, a new study:
  • As per the (CARRS) Surveillance Study, reported a worrying link between air pollution levels and the incidence of type 2 diabetes in Chennai and Delhi.
  • The study is notable not because the findings are new – they aren’t unprecedented – but because they have found that the link, which has been indicated in Western countries and more recently in China as well, also holds in urban India.

 Road accidents in India:

  • As per the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways report:
  • India witnessed 53 accidents and 19 deaths every hour, or an average of 1,264 accidents and 42 deaths daily due to road crashes last year.
  • The number of road accidents in 2022 increased by 11.9% and deaths rose by 9.4%.
  • According to an analysis by the Save Life Foundation, India ranks among the 20 worst countries for road crashes. 


President’s speech:
  • On traditional values and modernity: “The confluence of tradition and modernity will prove to be the right path of sustainable development for all citizens.”


Supreme Court (SC) judgement on Women’s reproductive choice:
  • In X vs Union of India case (202), the Supreme Court of India declined permission to a woman who was seeking to terminate a 26 week-long pregnancy. A Bench held that the woman’s case fell outside the scope of the Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP) Act, 1971.
  • The Court said the statute permitted the termination of pregnancy beyond 24 weeks only in cases where the foetus exhibited substantial abnormality, or where the woman’s life was under direct threat.


CAR-T Cell Therapy:
  • Definition: CAR-T is a revolutionary biotechnology therapy that modifies immune cells, specifically T-cells, by turning them into potent cancer fighters known as CAR-T cells. In this, we genetically modify T-cells into cancer-fighting cells. These supercharged cells are then put back into the body, and they go after cancer cells, especially in blood cancers like leukaemia and lymphomas.
Economic and Technology Co-operation Agreement (ETCA):
  • Definition: The Economic and Technology Co-operation Agreement (ETCA) is a proposed diplomatic arrangement that seeks to add to the existing free trade agreement between the Republic of India and the Republic of Sri Lanka, primarily in relation to trade-in services and the service sector; it seeks to emulate a proto freedom-of-movement system and a single market.


Quote on Mistakes and Failures: Experience is simply the name we give our mistakes”. – OSCAR WILDE
  • Meaning: The quote conveys the idea that our mistakes and failures, rather than being seen solely in a negative light, can be valuable learning opportunities. It underscores the idea that we should not be discouraged by our mistakes but rather view them as part of our journey toward personal and intellectual development.