24th July - AAJ KA QUALITY ENRICHMENT

Samadhaan
KEYWORDS

Fuels for future (3F):

  • Meaning: It signifies a strategic approach or concept for identifying and developing fuels that will meet the energy needs of the future while addressing key challenges such as environmental sustainability and energy security. 
  • Usage: It can be used in questions related to – fossil fuels and energy security, biofuels, ethanol blending, hydrogen fuel, environment and climate change, India’s NDC to Paris agreement, Panchamitra etc.
From fragile five to top five economies of the world: 
  • Meaning: It signifies India’s transition from fragile five economies (during 2013) to top five economies of the world. 
  • Usage: It can be used in questions related to – India’s economic reforms and growth, Ese of doing business, India’s vision of $5trillion economy and transition into a developed country, world trade and investment opportunity in India etc.
Work for India, Bharat and everyone in-between:
  • Meaning: It emphasizes the importance of inclusive development and progress for all segments of society, regardless of urban or rural backgrounds, socioeconomic status, religion or language or geographic location. 
  • Usage: It can be used in questions related to – polity (language issue, UCC reform), rural-urban divide, inequality and reforms, inclusive and sustainable growth etc.
From Social Equity to Social Justice: 
  • Meaning: Social Equity: The fair and just distribution of resources, opportunities, and benefits within a society. 
  • Social Justice: It goes beyond the concept of equity and delves into the root causes of inequality and oppression. It is concerned with identifying and addressing systemic injustices and advocating for the fair treatment of all individuals in society. 
  • Usage: It can be used in questions related to Women Empowerment, LGBTQ+ rights, Social Justice, Government Policies and Interventions for Development, Welfare Schemes for Vulnerable Sections, Planning, Mobilization of Resources, Growth, Development and Employment, Inclusive Growth, etc.
CASE STUDIES/ EXAMPLES

Women’s role in dairy sector:
  • Women contributes significantly to the white revolution, with 70% of the workforce in the dairy sector being women. 
  • A-HELP (Accredited agent for Health and Extension of Livestock Production) initiative: It involved community-based women activists bridging the gap between local veterinary services and livestock owners. It helps in artificial insemination under Rastriya gokul mission (RGM).
Steps towards Swachh Bharat:
  • Innovative idea to achieve ODF plus: 
  • Odisha: Community participation and leadership at the Block level, ensured ODF Plus Model village in Khordha District.
  • UP: Displaying live models of ODF Plus assets (to effectively manage solid and liquid waste) helped the Shravasti District in Uttar Pradesh achieve ODF Plus status.
  • Gujarat: As part of the Swachh Sagar, Surakshit Sagar (Clean Coast, Safe Sea) campaign, initiated measures to clean their beaches on a regular basis and thereby protect the environment.
Overcoming Barriers: 
  • Tamil Nadu: Tackled the significant challenge in solid waste management in peri-urban panchayats of Madurai through an innovative mass cleaning initiative as part of the Namma Ooru Superu campaign
  • Raising awareness: Children from government schools in Fatehpur District (UP) have been using to promote positive WASH behaviour in rural areas through a magazine called the WASH Vaani.
  • Significan
KEY FACTS

Key facts related to various dimensions: 
  • Poverty reduction: NITI Aayog report has found that 13 crore Indians were brought above the poverty line in the last 5 years. 
  • Sill development: In the last 9 years, more than 1.5 crore youth have been trained under PM Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY).
  • Financial inclusion: More than 50 crore Jan Dhan accounts has been opened.
PM/VP/PRESIDENT SPEECHES

Vice President Speech: 
  • On Democracy: Democracy is all about dialogue, discussion, deliberation and debate, and called disruption & disturbance antithetical to democratic values. 
  • On India's economic growth: The nation has transformed itself from being among the ‘Fragile Five’ economies to being among the ‘Top Five’ economies in the world.
  • On Youth: The empowerment of human resources is a vital ingredient in nation building. 
  • Be like a river- meander, choose your own path, give your very best to the nation.
JUDGEMENTS/ COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATION

Parliamentary Standing Committee on need of specific scheme for gig/platform/unorganized workers: 
  • Recommendation: Parliamentary Standing Committee on Labour, Textiles, Skill Development has asked the Ministry of Labour and Employment to formulate and implement welfare schemes specifically for gig and platform workers and unorganized sector workers.
  • Reason: Absence of any specific welfare scheme for such workers despite earlier recommendations.
DEFINITION

Credible Minium deterrence: 
  • Definition: Credible minimum deterrence is one of the principles of India’s nuclear doctrine which states that the nuclear arsenals in India will be minimal enough to provide credible deterrence against adversaries. 
  • It pertains to maintain a nuclear arsenal solely for assured second strike capabilities and to deter an adversary from attacking.
  • It conveys a non-aggressive and defensive nuclear posture.
Landslip/ Landslide:
  • Definition: A landslide is defined as the movement of a mass of rock, debris, or earth down a slope under the influence of gravity. 
  • In India, more than 12% of land area, excluding snow covered area, is prone to landslide hazard.
QUOTES

Quote on transparency of the government: “Let the people know the truth and the country is safe” - ABRAHAM LINCOLN
  • Meaning: The quote suggests that when the government and those in positions of authority are honest, open, and transparent with the public, it leads to a safer and more stable country. 
  • In this context, "truth" refers to sharing accurate and reliable information with the citizens, and "safe" implies the overall security, well-being, and stability of the nation.
Quote on Dream & Goal: “A goal is a dream with a deadline”. - NAPOLEON HILL
  • Meaning: It conveys an important message about the relationship between goals and dreams:
  • The quote suggests that while dreams provide the vision and inspiration for what we want to achieve, setting a deadline and creating tangible goals is what turns those dreams into achievable objectives. 
  • Without a deadline or specific goals, dreams may remain distant and unattainable, lacking the motivation and direction needed to bring them to fruition.
Samadhaan