output themes

From urban exclusion to inclusive and resilient urban future:

  • Meaning: It entails transforming cities from environments that marginalize and neglect certain groups of people into spaces that prioritize the well-being, rights, and opportunities of all residents. 
  • Usage: It can be used in questions related to: Urbanization and migration, PMAY, Urban poverty and Urban MGNREGA, Sustainable development and inclusive growth etc.
Let's leave “I” and become a “we”: 
  • Meaning: It represents a change in perspective from individualism to collectivism, emphasizing collaboration, shared responsibility, and a sense of community.
  • Usage: It can be used in questions related to - Preamble, fraternity and brotherhood, fundamental duty, hate speech and mob lynching, migration and refugee (xenophobia), Ek Bharat, Shresta Bharat, ethics (individualism vs collectivism) etc.
Converging unity, knowledge and curiosity: Fostering leadership:
  • Meaning: It represents a concept that highlights the importance of combining collective purpose, continuous learning, and a sense of exploration to cultivate effective and impactful leadership. 
  • Usage: It can be used in questions related to: Education and skill, startup and entrepreneurship, collaboration among academia, industry and government, collaboration among States and countries, etc.
From collective public aspirations to collective action: 
  • Meaning: It encapsulates the progression from shared societal goals and desires to tangible and coordinated efforts taken by the community as a whole to realize those aspirations.
  • Usage: It can be used in questions related to – Aspirational districts to Inspirational districts, citizens participation and participative governance, collective efforts to fight corruption, climate change and environmental degradation etc.

Step to boost women’s labour force participation and childcare:
  • Step taken by: The Karnataka government.
  • Step taken: The government has introduced the ‘Koosina Mane’ initiative, i.e., to establish child homes or creches across gram panchayats.
  • Aim: To provide childcare support for women enrolled under the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) and other working mothers and offering healthcare, nutrition, and safety for children.

Challenges with Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana Urban (PMAY-U):
  • In the last 8 years since the launch of PMAY-U, only about 66% of the sanctioned houses, were either completed or handed over as on August 2023.

Bombay High Court on Article 14: 
  • Article 14 of the Constitution, which provides for equality before the law, protects not only the citizens, but also non-citizens.
  • Principles of natural justice and fair play are an essential concomitant of Article 14.

National Register of Citizens (NRC):  
  • Definition: The NRC is an official record of those who are legal Indian citizens. It includes demographic information about all those individuals who qualify as citizens of India as per the Citizenship Act, 1955. 
  • The register was first prepared after the 1951 Census of India and since then it has not been updated until recently.
Deemed Forests:
  • Definition: Deemed Forest is forest land that hasn’t been recorded as such by the Centre or States. 
  • The concept of deemed forests has not been clearly defined in any law including the Forest Conservation Act of 1980.
  • The Supreme Court in the Godavarman case (1996) accepted a wide definition of forests i.e., according to its dictionary meaning i.e., land having the characteristic of forests irrespective of the ownership.

Quote on Sustainability, Greed and shared responsibility: The Earth has enough resources to meet the needs of all but not enough to satisfy the greed of even one person”. - Mahatma Gandhi
  • Meaning: The quote suggests that the Earth has abundant resources to fulfill the basic needs of every individual on the planet. 
  • However, it also implies that when individuals become driven by excessive greed or an insatiable desire for more than what they need, it becomes impossible for the Earth's resources to satisfy their desires.