UNODC (Syllabus: GS Paper 3– Security)

News-CRUX-10     14th May 2024        

Context:  According to the 2024 World Wildlife Crime Report recently released by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, the rhino and cedar were the species most impacted by global illegal wildlife trade between 2015 and 2021.

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC)

  • About: It stands as a prominent global figure in combatting illegal drugs and international crime, while also overseeing the execution of the primary United Nations initiative on counterterrorism.
  • Establishment: In 1997.
  • Headquarters: Vienna, Austria.
  • Focus: Helping to make the world safer from drugs, crime, corruption and terrorism.

o The UNODC's efforts are in line with the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), especially Goal 16, which aims to advance peace, justice, and robust institutions.

  • Functions:

o Drug Control: The UNODC endeavors to combat illicit drug production, trafficking, and abuse. It fosters global collaboration, drug demand reduction, and alternative development initiatives.

o Crime Prevention: The organization aids member states in preventing and tackling diverse criminal activities such as organized crime, human trafficking, smuggling, and cybercrime.

o Corruption: The UNODC aids nations in combating corruption, money laundering, and financial offenses detrimental to economic progress and stability.

o Terrorism Prevention: The agency contributes significantly to aiding member states in preventing and countering terrorism, including addressing terrorism financing.

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