SHRIMP FARMING (Syllabus: GS Paper 3 – Economy)

News-CRUX-10     4th April 2024        

Context: Recently, India, the largest supplier of shrimp, rebutted claims of human rights and environmental abuses by a Chicago-based human rights group, as top Commerce Ministry officials convene with seafood exporters to address efforts in safeguarding its global reputation.

Shrimp Farming

  • About: It is an aquaculture business that exists in either a marine or freshwater environment, producing shrimp or prawns for human consumption.
  • Soil type: Usually, clay or loam-based soil containing more than 90% clay and pH between 6.5-8.5 is preferable
  • Suitable species: Penaeus indicus and tiger prawn P. monodon.
  • Geographical Distribution: West Bengal, Orissa, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Pondicherry, Kerala, Karnataka, Goa, Maharashtra, and Gujarat.
  • Significant Contribution: About a lakh shrimp farms in Andhra Pradesh alone contribute to almost 70% of India's shrimp output.
  • Female Workforce Dominance: Women are estimated to hold 70% of the eight million jobs in the sector, spanning hatcheries, aquaculture farms, processing, and freezing units.

SAIME Initiative

  • About: It is a community-based pilot project initiated in West Bengal.
  • Full form: Sustainable Aquaculture through Integrative Mangrove Ecosystems
  • Established: 2019
  • Aim: To integrate stakeholders from various sectors including government departments, academia, and research institutes.
  • Partners: SAIME is conceived by NEWS (Nature Environment & Wildlife Society) along with Global Nature Fund (GNF), Naturland Bangladesh, and Environment and Development Society (BEDS).
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