PAPUA NEW GUINEA (Syllabus: GS Paper 2 – Places in News)

News-CRUX-10     13th January 2024        

Context: Recently, Papua New Guinea's prime minister declared a state of emergency, suspending government and police officials, in response to the tragic events that unfolded with the killing of 16 people during rioting in the Pacific island nation.

Papua New Guinea

  • Located: Situated in the southwestern Pacific and encompasses the eastern half of New Guinea, the world's second-largest island, along with numerous smaller offshore islands.
  • Bounderd by: Indonesia to the west, 

oAustralia to the south, 

oand the Solomon Islan0ds to the southeast.

  • Capital: The capital city is Port Moresby.
  • Terrain: The terrain is predominantly mountainous, but there are low-lying plains in southern New Guinea.
  • Torres Strait: It is also known as Zenadh Kes, is a strait between Australia and the Melanesian island of New Guinea.
  • Economy: Copper and gold are the main mineral resources of the island.