ONLINE DISPUTE RESOLUTION (Syllabus: GS Paper 3 – Economy)

News-CRUX-10     30th October 2023        
output themes

Context: India has recently taken the lead in pioneering an online dispute resolution (ODR) platform for seamlessly addressing cross-border consumer complaints related to e-commerce.

  • India hosted the first conference to deliberate on the framework of ODR, which was virtually attended by top representatives of UN Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), Federal Trade Commission of the USA, the Competition Markets Authority of the UK and Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC).


Online Dispute Resolution (ODR)

  • ODR has its roots in the convergence of ADR and the Information and Communication Technology (ICT) of the digital era. 
  • Unlike traditional methods, it leverages technology to simplify and enhance dispute resolution.
  • It resembles Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) but utilizes various digital tools, including multichannel communication, case management systems, and digital signatures. 
  • ODR integrates cutting-edge technologies such as blockchain, natural language processing, artificial intelligence, and machine learning. 
  • It transcends simple audio/video conferencing, aiming to optimize the entire process of resolving disputes.


Alternative Dispute Resolution

  • ADR, encompasses alternative methods for resolving disputes outside of court litigation. 
  • It involves the involvement of a neutral third party who facilitates communication, discussion, and resolution of differences between the disputing parties. 
  • ADR can address various civil dispute matters as explicitly outlined in the law.
  • Examples: Mediation, arbitration, and neutral evaluation
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