News-CRUX-10     22nd March 2024        
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Context: The National Internet Exchange of India (NIXI) is set to unveil the BhashaNet portal at the upcoming Universal Acceptance (UA) Day.

National Internet Exchange of India (NIXI)

  • Establishment: NIXI was established in 2003 as a not-for-profit organization under the Companies Act 2013.
  • Purpose: Its primary aim is to utilize Internet Service Protocols (ISPs) to route domestic traffic within India, reducing latency and bandwidth charges by avoiding international routing.
  • Mission: NIXI is dedicated to increasing Internet penetration and adoption in India.
  • Facilitation: It focuses on infrastructure development to manage and enable widespread Internet usage across the country.
  • National Internet Registry (NIR) Functionality:
  • NIR Operation: NIXI operates the National Internet Registry (NIR), known as the Indian Registry for Internet Names and Numbers (IRINN).
  • IXP Services: NIR provides Internet Exchange Points (IXPs), crucial for enhancing Internet infrastructure and connectivity within India.

Universal Acceptance (UA) Day

  • About: UA Day is an annual event organized by the Universal Acceptance Steering Group (UASG) and ICANN.
  • Aim: To raise awareness and promote UA adoption through various informational and training sessions, both virtual and in-person.
  • Technical Requirement: UA ensures that all valid domain names and email addresses, regardless of script or language, can be used equally across Internet applications and systems.
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