LI-ION BATTERY (Syllabus: GS Paper 3 – Sci and Tech)

News-CRUX-10     4th January 2024        
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Context: India should explore alternatives to lithium-ion batteries for scaling up electric mobility, the government's principal scientific advisor said, amid a global scramble for critical minerals.

Li-ion Battery

  • Type: rechargeable battery.
  • Battery Structure: Electrolyte and Electrodes in Li-Ion Batteries
  • The government's plan to make India a 100% EV nation by 2030 includes a focus on the production of lithium-ion cells.
  • The Nobel Prize in Chemistry for 2019 was collectively granted to John B. Goodenough, M.M Stanley Whittingham, and Akira Yoshino in recognition of their contributions to the advancement of lithium-ion batteries.
  • Applications: Electronic gadgets, Electric Vehicle, Tele-communication, Aerospace, Industrial applications


  • Also Known as: White Gold
  • It is a soft and shiny grey metal, that is present in the Earth's crust. 
  • It's an extremely reactive and alkaline element.
  • Primarily utilized in ceramics, glasses, greases, pharmaceuticals, air conditioners, and aluminium production.
  • Major Global Lithium Reserves: Chile > Australia > Argentina are the top countries with Li reserves.
  • Lithium Triangle: Chile, Argentina, Bolivia.
  • Lithium Reserves in India: Karnataka, Rajasthan, Odisha, Gujrat & Andhra Pradesh.

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