LADAKH (Syllabus: GS Paper 1 – Geography)

News-CRUX-10     31st January 2024        

Context: Indian graziers were stopped by Chinese soldiers in Kakjung area of Ladakh along the Line of Actual Control (LAC) earlier this month.

Importance of Ladakh:

  • About: Ladakh, also known as "the Land of Passes," is the largest among the regions of Jammu, Kashmir, and Ladakh, 
  • Coverage: Area of 95,876 km2. It is administered by India as a union territory.
  • Bordering Territories: Shares borders with the Chinese Tibet Autonomous Region to the east, Himachal Pradesh to the south, Jammu and Kashmir, Gilgit-Baltistan, and Xinjiang across the Karakoram Pass to the west and far north, respectively.
  • River System: The region is drained by the Indus River and its major tributaries, including Shyok-Nubra, Chang Chenmo, Hanle, Zanskar, and Suru-dras rivers. The high-altitude landscape is shaped by glacio-fluvial processes and freeze-thaw weathering.
  • Harsh Climate: Ladakh experiences an extremely harsh environment, earning it the reputation of being one of the highest and driest inhabited places on earth. 

oIts climate is characterized as a "cold desert" due to a blend of arctic and desert features.

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