KMTTP (Syllabus: GS Paper 2 – IR)

News-CRUX-10     9th February 2024        

Context: A key connectivity initiative of India targeting improved road and maritime links with Southeast Asia encountered a significant setback following the recent capture of a vital town in Myanmar by a rebel group, as reported by a senior figure in Myanmar's Opposition.

Kaladan Multimodal Transit Transport Project (KMTTP)

  • About: The Kaladan Multi-Modal Transit Transport Project (KMTTP) stands as a pivotal element in India's strategic and infrastructural advancements, aligning closely with its 'Act East' policy and regional integration objectives.
  • Collaborative Initiation: The project's inception involved a collaborative effort between India and Myanmar, emphasizing the cooperative nature of this infrastructural endeavor.
  • Multi-Modal Components

oSea Route: The project encompasses sea, river, and road transportation. The sea route spans from Kolkata to Sittwe, covering a distance of 539 km.

oRiver Route: Connecting Sittwe to Paletwa via the Kaladan River, this component extends over a distance of 158 km.

oRoad Component: The project includes a road segment from Paletwa to the Indo-Myanmar border (110 km) and further into Mizoram.

  • Connectivity Objectives: The primary goal of KMTTP is to establish a novel connectivity pathway, linking different modes of transportation and enhancing economic development, especially for the landlocked northeastern states of India.
  • Significance: This project aims to decrease the distance from Kolkata to Sittwe by approximately 1328 km, minimize reliance on transporting goods through the narrow Siliguri corridor, and establish an alternative route linking northeast and mainland India.
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