KAZIRANGA NATIONAL PARK (Syllabus: GS Paper 3 – Env and Eco)

News-CRUX-10     12th June 2024        

Context: An Assam activist recently urged authorities to address the impact of roadwork and faulty speed cameras on animal safety in Kaziranga National Park's wildlife corridors.

Kaziranga National Park

  • Location: Located at Golaghat and Nagaon districts of Assam.
  • Flora: Tall elephant grass, marshland, and dense tropical moist broadleaf forests. 
  • Fauna: One-horned rhinos; Elephant; Royal Bengal tiger and Asiatic water buffalo. It is the home of the world's most one-horned rhinos and has the second-highest number of Rhinos after Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary, situated in Assam.
  • River: Located on the edge of Brahmaputra River and Diphlu River flows through the National Park.
  • National Highway (NH): NH 37 passes through the National Park.
  • Conservation status

oNational Park in 1974.

oUNESCO World Heritage Site in 1985.

oTiger Reserve in 2007.

oAn Important Bird Area by Birdlife International.

  • Other national parks in Assam are:

oDibru-Saikhowa National Park,

oManas National Park,

oNameri National Park,

oRajiv Gandhi Orang National Park.

oRaimona National Park

oDihing-Patkai National Park