INDIA-MALDIVES RELATIONS (Syllabus: GS Paper 2 – IR)

News-CRUX-10     11th June 2024        
Samadhaan

Context: Recently, the President of Maldives joined six other leaders from India’s neighborhood at the swearing-in ceremony of India's Prime Minister at Rashtrapati Bhavan.

India-Maldives Relations

  • Strategic Importance: The Maldives, located just 70 nautical miles from Lakshadweep’s Minicoy Island, is strategically positioned to secure India’s maritime borders.

oLocation Between Busy Trade Routes: Maldives is positioned between the world's busiest trade routes, including the Strait of Malacca and the Suez Canal.

  • Economic: Trade agreement signed between India and Maldives in 1981. India is Maldives' 4th largest trade partner.

oIndia becomes Maldives' second-largest trading partner in 2021, experiencing a 31% growth in bilateral trade despite the pandemic.

oEssential Supplies: The Maldives relies heavily on imports from India, encompassing vital sectors such as food, medicine, and aircraft for search and rescue missions.

  • Defence: India offers the highest number of training opportunities for the Maldivian National Defence Force (MNDF), fulfilling approximately 70% of their defence training needs.

oRole in National Security: The Indian Army's intervention in thwarting a coup attempt in Malé in 1988 underscores the depth of military cooperation between the two nations and the enduring trust it has fostered.

  • Developmental Cooperation: India implements notable development projects in the Maldives, such as the Indira Gandhi Memorial Hospital, Maldives Institute of Technical Education, and the National College for Policing and Law Enforcement (NCPLE).
Samadhaan