H-1B VISA (Syllabus: GS Paper 2 – IR)

News-CRUX-10     1st February 2024        
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Context: The United States has launched a pilot programme that will benefit Indian tech professionals- Washington has launched a program to renew the much sought-after H-1B foreign work visas domestically.


H-1B Visa Program

  • About: The H-1B visa is a non immigrant work visa designed to enable U.S. employers to employ foreign workers possessing specialized skills within the United States for a specified duration.
  • Occupations eligible for the H-1B visa are primarily concentrated in fields like technology, finance, engineering, architecture, and others.
  • H-1B Visa Eligibility: A valid job offer from a U.S. employer for a role that requires specialty knowledge
  • Proof of a bachelor’s degree or equivalent experience in that field
  • Your employer must show that there is a lack of qualified U.S. applicants for the role



H-2B Visa

  • About: The H-2B program permits U.S. employers or their agents to bring foreign nationals into the United States for temporary, non-agricultural employment.
  • This program primarily encompasses seasonal workers employed in sectors such as landscaping, forestry, hospitality, and construction.


EB-5 Visa

  • About: The EB-5 (employment-based, 5th preference) investor visa grants permanent resident status to investors who satisfy certain criteria.
  • Created: in 1990 by the Immigration Act of 1990.
  • Aim: To create jobs and boost the economy by attracting foreign capital.
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