Geological Survey of India (Syllabus: GS Paper 3 – GovSci and Tech)

News-CRUX-10     5th March 2024        
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Context: The Geological Survey of India (GSI) celebrated its 174th Foundation Day on 4th March, 2024, in a grand manner across all its offices throughout the country.

Geological Survey of India (GSI)

  • About: GSI is a scientific agency of India.
  • Founded: In 1851, as a Government of India organization under the Ministry of Mines
  • Headquarters: Kolkata, 
  • 6 Regional Offices: Lucknow, Jaipur, Nagpur, Hyderabad, Shillong and Kolkata.
  • Nodal Ministry: Ministry of Mines
  • Functions: Creation and updating of national geoscientific information and mineral resource assessment constitute primary objectives.
  • Ground surveys, air-borne and marine surveys, mineral prospecting, and investigations are employed to achieve these goals.
  • Various methods, including multi-disciplinary geoscientific and geo-technical approaches, are utilized in pursuit of these objectives.
  • Role of the Geological Survey of India (GSI)

oDevelopment Catalyst: The GSI has been instrumental in the nation's progress by furnishing crucial data on India's geology and mineral resources.

oEnhancing Understanding: It has significantly deepened our comprehension of the Earth's history, evolutionary processes, and dynamics through its research.

oNational Mapping Efforts: Mapping the entirety of India across various scales and producing thematic maps on diverse geological facets have been pivotal achievements of the GSI.