GEMINI (Syllabus: GS Paper 3 – Sci and Tech)

News-CRUX-10     13th March 2024        

Context: Ahead of the Lok Sabha elections, Google recently announced restrictions on responses for certain types of election-related queries on its generative AI platform Gemini, aiming to combat misinformation and assist users in identifying AI-generated content through various tools and policies.

Google Gemini

  • About: Gemini is an AI model that cannot be accessed directly. Rather, it acts as a base that Google and, ultimately, other developers can use to build products on top of.
  • Built by: Gemini was built from the ground up to be multimodal, which means it can operate across and combine different types of information, including text, audio, image, code, and video.
  • It can recognise images, speak in real-time, and even solve physics with remarkable ingenuity.
  • Gemini 1.0 comprises 3 Models: Ultra, Pro, and Nano.

oGemini Ultra: It is Google’s most powerful LLM ever and is aimed at enterprise applications that will run it for “highly complex tasks.

oGemini Pro: It is the most general-purposed of the three and has already been plugged into Bard for prompts that require advanced reasoning, planning, and understanding.

oGemini Nano: It described as the most efficient model for on-device tasks, has been baked into the Pixel 8 Pro to process tasks like information summarisation and Smart Reply.

  • Tensor Processing Units: Gemini 1.0 on its AI-optimised infrastructure using its in-house designed Tensor Processing Units (TPUs) v4 and v5e.
  • Concerns: Job displacement in certain sectors and Amplification of misinformation or unintended consequences.

Google's Support for Shakti

  • About: Google is bolstering its fact-checking efforts in India through support for Shakti, the India Election Fact-Checking Collective.
  • Shakti's Mission: It comprises a consortium of news publishers and fact-checkers aimed at early detection of online misinformation, including deepfakes.
  • Creating a Shared Repository: Shakti's objective includes establishing a shared repository for news publishers to collectively combat the challenges posed by large-scale disinformation.
  • Google's Tools to Combat Misinformation: Google has already implemented tools and policies to assist users in identifying AI-generated content.
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