GANGA SAGAR MELA (Syllabus: GS Paper 1 – Art and Culture)

News-CRUX-10     15th January 2024        
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Context: As groups of pilgrims start arriving at Sagar Island for a holy dip at the confluence of the river Ganga and the Bay of Bengal, the West Bengal government is leaving no stone unturned to describe the gathering as the biggest religious event in the country.


Ganga Sagar Mela

  • About: The Gangasagar Mela is an annual event that takes place during Makar Sankranti.
  • Rituals at the Confluence: On the auspicious occasion of Makar Sankranti, thousands of pilgrims, seers, and tourists partake in a holy dip at the confluence of the Ganga and the Bay of Bengal to commemorate the event.
  • Devotion at Kapil Muni Temple: Pilgrims also engage in offering prayers at the revered Kapil Muni Temple as part of the Gangasagar Mela traditions.
  • Spiritual Significance: On the day of Makar Sankranti, specifically on January 14, as the sun transitions to Capricorn from Sagittarius, the bath in the confluence is believed to be a sacred act leading to salvation.
  • Nationwide Gathering: Gangasagar ranks as the second-largest congregation of pilgrims, devotees, and enthusiasts in the country, following the renowned Kumbh Mela in Haridwar.

Samadhaan