FAUNA OF INDIA CHECKLIST PORTAL (Syllabus: GS Paper 3 – Env and Eco)

News-CRUX-10     1st July 2024        

Context: India has compiled a comprehensive checklist of its entire fauna, encompassing 104,561 species, marking a global first in this achievement.

Fauna of India Checklist Portal

  • About: The portal is the first extensive record of faunal species reported from India.
  • Launched by: Zoological Survey of India (ZSI)
  • Objective: It serves as a crucial resource for taxonomists, researchers, academicians, conservation managers, and policymakers.
  • Taxonomic Coverage: Includes 121 checklists encompassing all known taxa across 36 phyla.
  • Inclusion Criteria: Highlights endemic, threatened, and scheduled species within its comprehensive list.
  • Mammalian Diversity in India

oRegional Distribution: Meghalaya, West Bengal, Arunachal Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Assam, Sikkim, and Kerala boast the highest number of mammalian species.

oUnion Territories: Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Ladakh, and Delhi exhibit notable mammalian diversity among Union Territories.

oEndemic Species: Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, and Kerala house a significant portion of India's endemic mammal species.

  • Endemism in Specific Regions

oWestern Ghats: Noteworthy for high endemism in hill streams across Tamil Nadu, Kerala, and Karnataka.

oAndaman & Nicobar Islands: Also recognized for significant endemic species presence.

  • Unique Genera and Species

oMonotypic Genera: India hosts unique genera such as Anathana, Latidens, and Nilgiritragus, each found exclusively within its borders.

oLatidens salimalii: Salim Ali’s fruit bat, a rare megabat species, is an example of the unique fauna found in India.

oAnathana: The Madras Treeshrew belongs to this monotypic genus, showcasing India's distinctive biodiversity.

  • Avian Diversity in India

oTotal Species: India is home to 1,358 bird species.

oEndemic Birds: 79 species are endemic, with the Western Ghats and Andaman & Nicobar Islands as significant areas of endemism.

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