CHILD MALNUTRITION (Syllabus: GS Paper 2 – Health)

News-CRUX-10     11th October 2023        
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Context: The Union Minister of Women and Child Development (WCD) recently launched the first-ever "Protocol for Identification and Management of Malnutrition in Children," highlighting the government's commitment to addressing child malnutrition.

  • The protocols define in detail the identification of children suffering from severe acute malnutrition (SAM), the processes that needed to for a healthy weight.


Malnutrition

  • About: Malnutrition encompasses various forms, including undernutrition (characterized by wasting, stunting, and underweight), as well as obesity and the resulting diet-related noncommunicable diseases. 
  • Three Main Groups of Malnutrition

oUndernutrition: Comprises wasting (low weight-for-height), stunting (low height-for-age), and underweight (low weight-for-age).

oMicronutrient-related malnutrition, encompassing micronutrient deficiencies or excess.

oOverweight, obesity, and diet-related noncommunicable diseases, such as heart disease, stroke, diabetes, and certain cancers.

  • Malnutrition represents a persistent and enduring challenge for the public administration in India.


Government Initiatives

  • POSHAN Abhiyaan
  • Mid-day Meal (MDM) scheme
  • The National Food Security Act (NFSA), 2013
  • Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana (PMMVY)
  • Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) Scheme
Samadhaan