CARBON FARMING (Syllabus: GS Paper 3 – Agriculture)

News-CRUX-10     7th May 2024        

Context: Carbon farming, a practice harnessing carbon sequestration in soils through agricultural techniques, as a potential solution to combat climate change.

Carbon Farming

  • About: It is a system of agricultural management that helps the land store more carbon and reduce the amount of greenhouse gases that it releases into the atmosphere.
  • Also known as: Carbon sequestration
  • Focus: It focuses on restoring ecosystem health through sustainable agricultural practices.
  • Carbon farming enhances agricultural productivity by optimizing soil health and fertility.
  • It plays a crucial role in mitigating climate change by sequestering carbon and reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
  • Methods of Carbon Farming: Rotational Grazing, Agroforestry, Conservation Agriculture,.
    Integrated Nutrient Management and Agro-ecology.

Carbon Farming Schemes

  • Carbon Trading: It has gained significance globally, notably in the U.S., Australia, New Zealand, and Canada.
  • Carbon Markets: Exemplified by initiatives like the Chicago Climate Exchange and Australia's Carbon Farming Initiative, incentivize carbon mitigation in agriculture.
  • Global Initiatives: Projects like Kenya’s Agricultural Carbon Project, supported by the World Bank, underscore carbon farming's potential in developing countries for climate mitigation, adaptation, and food security.

Opportunities in India

  • Climate-Resilient Agriculture: Climate-resilient and emission-reducing agricultural practices present adaptation opportunities crucial for India amidst intensifying climate change.
  • Viability of Organic Farming: Grassroots initiatives and agrarian research showcase the viability of organic farming for carbon sequestration, potentially generating substantial economic value.
  • Geographical Suitability: Regions like the Indo-Gangetic plains are well-suited for carbon farming, while mountainous and coastal areas face challenges due to terrain and salinization.

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