BUGUN LIOCICHLA (Syllabus: GS Paper 3 – Env and Eco)

News-CRUX-10     20th March 2024        
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Context: Recently, the Bugun tribe in Arunachal Pradesh demonstrated their commitment to conservation by donating 1,470 hectares of forest land to the state forest department, significantly advancing efforts to protect the Bugun Liocichla bird.

Bugun Liocichla

  • About: Bugun Liocichla is a diminutive babbler measuring only 20 cm, sporting olive-grey plumage, and adorned with a distinctive black cap.
  • Habitat: Found solely within the Eaglenest Wildlife Sanctuary landscape, this avian species is not found anywhere else globally.
  • Critical Endangerment: With a mere 14 individuals sighted in the Braiduah village under Singchung sub-division, Bugun Liocichla stands critically endangered.
  • Conservation Efforts: Recognizing the urgency, the Arunachal Pradesh government designated the Braiduah Community Reserve under the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972, adjacent to the Eaglenest Wildlife Sanctuary.

    Key Facts about Bugun Tribe

    • Migration and Origins: Hailing from Tibet through East Kameng, Arunachal Pradesh, the Buguns establish their unique cultural identity.
    • Language and Culture: The Buguns boast a distinct language known as Khowa and maintain their cultural boundaries with neighboring tribes.
    • Traditional Expertise: Proficient in bamboo architecture and skilled in extracting oil from local wood species like Chiblem found in the forests.
    • Socio-Political Structure: Governed by the Nimiang, the Bugun community has its own socio-political administrative body ensuring smooth functioning.
    • Cultural Practices: Celebrating the "Pham-Kho" festival annually, Buguns typically practice endogamy, marrying within their community to preserve their heritage.