BORDER ROADS ORGANISATION (Syllabus: GS Paper 2/3 – Gov. Bodies/Infrastructure)

News-CRUX-10     28th March 2024        
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Context: The Border Roads Organisation (BRO) recently completed the connection of the strategic Nimmu-Padam-Darcha road in Ladakh.

Border Roads Organisation (BRO)

  • About: It is a road construction executive force in India that provides support to Indian Armed Forces formed on 7 May 1960.
  • Motto: Guided by the motto "Shramena Sarvam Sadhyam".
  • Nodal Ministry: Ministry of Defence.
  • Structure: Governed by the Border Roads Development Board (BRDB), chaired by the Prime Minister with the Defence Minister as Deputy Chairman. It facilitates coordination for timely project execution.
  • Role of the BRO

oIn Peace: Develop & Maintain the Operational Road Infrastructure of General Staff in the Border Areas.

  • Contribute to the Socio-Economic Development of the Border States.

oIn War: To Develop & Maintain Roads to Keep Line of Control through in Original Sectors and Re-Deployed Sectors.

  • To Execute Addl Tasks as laid down by the Govt Contributing to the War Effort.
  • Military Integration: BRO's inclusion in the Order of Battle of the Armed Forces ensures seamless support to the Indian Armed Forces, demonstrating its crucial role in national defense.


  • Length: 298-km
  • Geographical Advantage: The road is notably shorter compared to other routes and involves crossing just one pass, Shinkun La (16,558 feet).
  • Enhanced Defense Preparedness: Improved road connectivity will bolster defense capabilities, enhancing security measures in the region.
  • Economic Stimulus: Strengthened connectivity will fuel economic growth, particularly benefiting the development of the Zanskar valley.