ANAND MARRIAGE ACT (Syllabus: GS Paper 1 – Indian society)

News-CRUX-10     10th July 2024        

Context: Recently, the National Commission of Minorities held a meeting with states and Union Territories to discuss the implementation of the Anand Marriage Act.

Anand Marriage Act

  • Historical Background: This Marriage Act traces its origins to 1909, when the British Imperial Legislative Council first acknowledged the Sikh wedding ceremony of Anand Karaj.
  • Initial Recognition: The act received its first legal recognition with the 1909 legislation.
  • Amendments in 2012: The Parliament passed the Anand Marriage (Amendment) Bill in 2012, extending comprehensive legal recognition to Sikh marriages under the Anand Karaj ceremony.
  • State Implementation: Jharkhand, Maharashtra, and Meghalaya have implemented the Anand Marriage Act.
  • Expansion: In 2023, the Anand Marriage Act was implemented in Jammu & Kashmir, further solidifying its scope across India.

Key Features of the Anand Marriage Act

  • Legal Recognition: Official recognition of Anand Karaj as a valid form of Sikh marriage.
  • Sikh Identity: Acknowledges and legitimizes the distinct religious and cultural identity of the Sikh community.
  • Registration: Facilitates the registration of Sikh marriages, enhancing legal clarity and security.
  • Cultural Significance: Recognizes the cultural and religious importance of the Anand Karaj ceremony in Sikh matrimonial practices.