AGNIBAAN SORTED (Syllabus: GS Paper 3 – Sci and Tech)

News-CRUX-10     31st May 2024        
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Context: IIT Madras-incubated startup Agnikul Cosmos test launched the indigenously designed and developed world’s first rocket with a single-piece 3D printed engine from Sriharikota.

Agnibaan SOrTeD

  • About: It is India’s first launch from a private launchpad, called ‘Dhanush’, established by Agnikul.

o It is also India’s first semi-cryogenic engine-powered rocket launch and the world’s first single-piece 3D-printed engine designed and built indigenously.

o It signals the ability to rapidly assemble rockets.

  • Payload capacity: Agnibaan can be configured to accommodate payloads ranging from 30 kg to 300 kg.
  • Mission Purpose: To serve as a test flight, to demonstrate in-house and homegrown technologies, gather crucial flight data, and ensure optimal functioning of systems for Agnikul’s orbital launch vehicle, the ‘Agnibaan’.
  • Use of Semi-Cryogenic Engine: Agnibaan used India's first semi-cryogenic engine, which utilizes a mix of liquid and gas for propellant.

o Semi-cryogenic engines help increase payload capacity, reduce launch costs, and improve the overall reliability and performance of launch vehicles.