Defense Sector

Mains Marks Booster     3rd August 2023        
output themes


  • India has been ranked as the largest global importer of arms from 2018 to 2022, as reported by the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI).
  • However, there has been a notable decline of 11% in India's arms imports between the periods of 2013-2017 and 2018-2022.
  • The decline of arms import indicates success of Indigenization move in Indian defense sector.


 Need of Indigenization of Defense Sector

  • Self-reliance: Indigenization reduces dependency on foreign suppliers, ensuring self-sufficiency in defense needs.
  • National security: Developing indigenous capabilities strengthens defense preparedness and reduces reliance on external sources.
  • Technological advancement: Indigenization drives innovation and promotes technological growth in the defense sector.
  • Economic growth: It boosts domestic industries, creates jobs, and contributes to the economy.
  • Strategic autonomy: Indigenization enables alignment of defense policies with national interests, without external constraints.
  • Cost efficiency: It leads to long-term cost savings by reducing reliance on expensive imports.


  • Technological expertise: Building skilled workforce and R&D capabilities.
  • Funding and investment: Securing financial resources and attracting private sector investment.
  • Timelines and project delays: Managing complex projects and minimizing delays.
  • Quality and reliability: Ensuring high standards and reliable performance.
  • Integration and interoperability: Seamless compatibility with existing systems.
  • Intellectual property rights: Protecting sensitive technologies and preventing unauthorized access.
  • Collaboration and partnerships: Collaborating with domestic and international partners for knowledge-sharing, technology transfer, and joint research and development can be challenging.
  • Market competitiveness: Establishing indigenous defense capabilities often involves competing with established global defense manufacturers.

 Way Forward

  • Research and Development: Prioritize investment in R&D for innovation.
  • Skill Development: Establish training programs for a skilled workforce.
  • Public-Private Partnerships: Foster collaborations for expertise and resources.
  • Supportive Policies: Implement incentives and simplified procedures.
  • Technology Transfer: Seek partnerships and agreements for advanced technologies.
  • Defense Procurement Reforms: Streamline processes for domestic participation.