output themes


Collective vision for a sustainable and equitable ‘One Future’:
  • Meaning: It refers to a shared and overarching goal or aspiration for humanity to build a future that is both sustainable and equitable. This vision represents a collective commitment to address pressing global challenges, including environmental sustainability, social justice, and economic fairness, in a way that ensures the well-being of current and future generations.
  • Usage: It can be used in questions related to - India’s vision of Vasudeva Kutumbakam, One Health and Global health cooperation, Climate change, Terrorism, Cyber-attacks, Free and open Indo-Pacific, Space and Artic and Antarctic scientific exploration etc.
Continental shift towards Asian century: 
  • Meaning: This keyword refers to a significant global trend and geopolitical shift where the Asian continent, particularly East Asia and South Asia, is becoming increasingly influential and dominant on the world stage in various aspects such as economic, political, cultural, and technological. 
  • Usage: It can be used in questions related to – Importance of Asia and S.E. Asia (Particularly India and China), Free trade and multipolarity, Reforming WTO & World Bank, Global investment, China+1 policy, Etc.
Diplomatic buffer:
  • Meaning: It signifies a diplomatic or political strategy or entity that acts as a mediator or intermediary between conflicting parties or nations in order to reduce tensions, facilitate communication, and promote peaceful resolution of disputes. 
  • Usage: It can be used in questions related to – NAM, UN Peacekeeping forces, Third party and Track – II diplomacy, importance of international organisations like – UN, G20, Etc.
Shared vulnerabilities: 
  • Meaning: This keyword highlights the various individuals, communities, or nations face common or interconnected challenges, risks, or weaknesses that make them susceptible to harm or adverse events. 
  • Usage: It can be used in questions related to - climate change, terrorism, pandemics, cyber threats, natural disasters, lack of cooperation and conflicts, xenophobia etc.


India’s digital infrastructure and its role in financial inclusion:
  • World Bank recently included in it's G20 document (G20 Global Partnership for Financial Inclusion document) that India has achieved financial inclusion targets in just 6 years which would otherwise have taken at least 47 long years.
  • It highlighted that JAM Trinity has propelled financial inclusion rate from 25% in 2008 to over 80% of adults in last 6 years, a journey shortened by up to 47 years thanks to DPIs.


Irony of digital infrastructure in India:
  • India ranks second in the world in terms of active internet users, and also has the second largest social media user base. On the other hand, India has imposed the maximum number of internet shutdowns for 5 years in a row, depriving millions of connectivity.
Climate change and its impacts:
  • In 2000: The climate emergency was responsible for more than 1.5Lakhs deaths worldwide and an increasing global burden of disease, 88% of which fell on children.
  • It is estimated that 80% of people displaced by the climate emergency are women, largely due to economic and social disparities between genders.


Prime Minister’s Speech:
  • On India’s G20 Presidency: India’s G20 Presidency has been inclusive, ambitious, decisive, and action-oriented where the developmental concerns of the Global South have been actively voiced. 


Supreme court (SC) judgment on FIR and investigation process:
  • Lalita Kumari versus Govt. of Uttar Pradesh (2013): The police have no option but to register an FIR if the information discloses commission of a cognisable offence. 
  • Shafhi Mohammad vs The State Of Himachal Pradesh (2018): SC directed the Ministry of Home Affairs and States to develop facilities for the videography and photography of crime scenes during investigation at the level of the police station.


Feminisation of poverty:  
  • Definition: It refers to a phenomenon in which women, particularly those in marginalized and disadvantaged groups, are disproportionately affected by poverty compared to men. This can happen because of following reasons – economic disparity, unpaid care work, unequal access to food, healthcare and education etc.
Financial Inclusion:
  • Definition: According to World bank, financial inclusion means that individuals and businesses have access to useful and affordable financial products and services that meet their needs delivered in a responsible and sustainable way.


Quote on Importance of India & China: Two huge economies in China and India will reshape the world order before the end of the 21st century”. –  LEE KUAN YEW
  • Meaning: The quote signifies that both countries have rapidly growing economies and large populations, which give them considerable influence on the global stage. 
  • However, the exact extent and nature of their impact on the world order will depend on various factors, including their domestic policies, international relations, and global trends.