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Ethics, cornerstone of responsible AI:
  • Meaning: It signifies the critical role that ethical considerations play in the development and deployment of artificial intelligence (AI) technologies.
  • Usage: It can be used in questions related to - artificial intelligence and other critical technologies like – Big data, IoT, Biotechnology (cloning, gene editing), Generative AI Etc.
From slicing and dicing of society to social cohesion: 
  • Meaning: Transitioning from the concept of the "slicing and dicing of society" to "social cohesion" involves shifting the focus from the fragmentation and divisions within a society to the efforts and strategies aimed at bringing people together, fostering unity, and building a more harmonious and inclusive society.
  • Usage: It can be used in questions related to – communalism and regionalism, caste, religion and hatred, hate speech and mob lynching, xenophobia, migration and refugee Etc.
Ripening the low hanging fruit:
  • Meaning: This keyword is a strategy that involves prioritizing and addressing the easiest and most accessible tasks or goals first, as a way to make quick progress and build momentum in a project or endeavor.
  • Usage: It can be used in questions related to – demographic dividend, women participation in political sphere and labour force, utilising renewable energy potential of India (solar, wind), India’s soft power like – Yoga, Traditional medicine Etc.
Swachhata hi Seva (Cleanliness is service/worship): 
  • Meaning: This is a campaign which can be used as a keyword and which encourages individuals, communities, and organizations to actively participate in cleaning and maintaining their surroundings, however, it can also be used as a keyword.
  • Usage: It can be used in questions related to - Swachh Bharat abhiyaan, SMART cities, AMRUT scheme, Health and nutrition,  Growth and sustainability Etc.


Example of successful women in STEM in India:
  • Example: Dr N Kalaiselvi, the Director General of the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), the first woman to hold the post.
  • Suggestion: The world needs women in leadership positions now because of inherent qualities such as multitasking.


India’s dependence on OPEC countries for its crude oil need:
  • India imports about 60% of its crude oil worth and other petroleum products from OPEC members.
  • Oil prices and inflation in India: Imports account for around 85% of India’s energy needs, which means any increase in international crude oil prices has the potential to severely impact inflation in India.
Man-animal conflict and deaths of elephants:
  • Odisha is gradually turning into a graveyard for elephants with 698 elephants having perished in the state in the past 8 years, which works out to an annual average of 87.
  • The majority of the deaths, during the period from 2015 to 2023, is due to avoidable reasons like electrocution, train-hitting, road accidents, poaching and poisoning.


Prime Minister’s speech:
  • The physical, digital, and social infrastructure should align with the future needs for the development of Bharat. 
  • Bharat's human-centric approach to development is being acknowledged today.


Supreme Court (SC) on bail in UAPA case:
  • In NIA vs Zahoor Ahmed Watali case: The SC has observed that the bail provisions strictly, holding that courts must only be satisfied that a prima facie case can be made out to deny bail, and not consider the merit or the admissibility of the evidence.


Unlawful Activities Prevention Act (UAPA):  
  • Definition: Enacted in 1967, the UAPA is an anti-terror law which aimed at prevention of unlawful activities and to make powers available for dealing with activities directed against the integrity and sovereignty of India. It empowers the Union Government to designate an individual or an organization as a terrorist after following the proper legal procedures.
Circular migration:
  • Definition: According to Philippe Fargues, migration can define as circular if it meets the following criteria — there is a temporary residence, there is the possibility of multiple entries, there is freedom of movement between the country of origin and the country of destination, there is a legal right to stay in the destination country, there is protection of migrants’ rights, and if there is a healthy demand for temporary labour in the destination country.


Quote on Inflation: Caste is not just a division of labour, it is a division of labourers.”. –  B. R. Ambedkar
  • Meaning: The quote highlights a critical aspect of the caste system, which suggests that caste is not merely a system that assigns specific roles and occupations to different groups within society but also a system that categorizes and segregates people based on their birth and social status.
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