Aaj Ka Quality Enrichment Program     29th June 2023     Save    
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Close the yawning gap:
  • Meaning: It refers to narrowing or eliminating a significant disparity or difference between two or more things.
  • Usage: It can be used as – close the yawning gap in:
  • Wealth distribution and Poverty, Inequality/digital literacy/financial inclusion/health and educational attainment, skill, technology, capital or credit facility etc.
Innovation is the key to buttress the economy:
  • Meaning: Innovation drives economic growth by fostering the creation of new products, services, and industries which leads to productivity, competitiveness, and efficiency, which are essential for long-term economic development. 
  • Usage: It can be used as:
  • Innovation is key to buttress the institutional performance /healthcare facility/education sector/good governance/fill the infrastructure gaps etc.
Focus on Sabki Yojana Sabka Vikas:
  • Meaning: It refers to "Everyone's scheme, Everyone's development." 
  • It emphasizes the inclusive approach to governance and development, aiming to ensure that the benefits of government schemes and policies reach every individual, regardless of their socio-economic background or demographic characteristics. 
  • Usage: In questions related to people’s participation in policy formulation i.e., participative democracy, inclusive growth, empowering vulnerable sections – old age, women, LGBTQ+ etc.), monitoring and accountability – social audit.
Triple chain of accountability: civil servants, cabinet, and Legislature:
  • Meaning: The triple chain of accountability is integral to representative democracy: 
  • Civil servants are accountable to the cabinet. 
  • The cabinet is accountable to the legislature, or the Legislative Assembly. 
  • The Legislative Assembly is (periodically) accountable to the citizen.
  • Usage: In can be used in Parliament and State Legislature, Functions and Responsibilities of the Union and the States, Government Policies and Interventions, Public/Civil Service Values and Ethics in Public Administration, etc.

Impact of groundwater depletion:
  • Scientists and experts have revealed that the depletion of groundwater on staggering rates have an impact on drifting of the Earth’s axis/spin.
  • Between 1960 and 2000, worldwide groundwater depletion was more than doubled.  
Example of encroachment over wetlands:
  • Case: North Delhi, Yamuna catchment area.
  • Several waterbodies are being filled up with inert waste from municipal landfills.
  • Importance of wetland: Wetlands bring down pollution levels, raise groundwater tables, and in general help improve a city’s ecosystem. 

  • Status of Higher Education in India:
  • All India Survey on Higher Education (AISHE) 2021: 
  • More than 80% of high-quality colleges are in three States only - Tamil Nadu, Delhi and Kerala. It highlights the need for a mission to improve quality across the country.
  • India’s share in the overall world scientific publications: About 5%. 
  • China’s share: Of world publications increased from 5% in 2000 to 26% in 2018.
  • Energy Transition Index: The World Economic Forum
  • India’s rank: 67th place globally on its Energy Transition Index.
  • Top three: Sweden >Denmark>Norway, 
  • India: Only major economy with energy transition momentum accelerating across the Energy Transition Index’s equitable, secure and sustainable dimensions.

  • Chief Justice of India (CJI) speech on use of technology:
  • Chief Justice of India recently called for use of technology to bring about an improvement in the country’s justice delivery system and also to ensure justice “reaches the common man”.

  • Definition: Persuasion is a process in which one person or entity tries to influence other people's thoughts and opinions using convincing arguments and facts to change their behavior or thoughts.
  • Examples: Written, visual and media advertisements to influence a customer's purchase decision.
  • Large-scale campaigns for social causes like cancer awareness 
  • Team managers use persuasion to motivate their team members

Coalition for Disaster resilient infrastructure (CDRI): 
  • Definition: CDRI is a multi-stakeholder global partnership which aims to promote the resilience of infrastructure systems to climate and disaster risks, thereby ensuring sustainable development.
  • It seeks to rapidly expand the development and retrofit of resilient infrastructure to respond to the SDGs imperatives of expanding universal access to basic services, enabling prosperity and decent work.  
  • It was established in 2019 under the leadership of the Government of India and with the support of UNDRR.

  • Quote on Unity in Diversity: “It is not our differences that divide us. It is our inability to recognize, accept, and celebrate those differences.”   -   AUDRE LORDE
  • Meaning: The quote highlights an important perspective on unity and division within society. 
  • It emphasizes that it is not the inherent differences among individuals that create division but rather our inability to acknowledge, embrace, and appreciate those differences. 
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