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From winners takes all approach to inclusive and equitable approach:
  • Meaning: It signifies a shift in mindset and the implementation of specific strategies to promote fairness, diversity, and shared benefits. 
  • Usage: It can be used in questions related to - Social justice – poverty, inequality, inclusive growth, corporate governance, principle of trusteeship, gov. policies and welfare measures Etc.
From water stress to water wisdom: 
  • Meaning: Water stress refers to situations where the demand for freshwater exceeds the available supply, often leading to scarcity and related challenges. Water wisdom on the other hand, implies a more sustainable and holistic approach to water management. 
  • Usage: It can be used in questions related to – Jal Jeevan mission, Agriculture and ground water stress, drought, PMSY, Problem of drinking water and water conservation Etc.
From self-reliant Bharat to Developed Bharat:
  • Meaning: It keyword signifies an evolution in India's economic and social aspirations, moving from a focus on self-sufficiency and economic resilience to a vision of becoming a fully developed and prosperous nation. 
  • Usage: It can be used in questions related to – Atmanirbhar Bharat, Make in India, India transition to become a developed economy by 2047, Education and skill, Youth’s role Etc.
5S of India’s Indo-pacific policy: Sammaan, Samvad, Sahyog, Shanti and Samridhi: 
  • Meaning: 5S: Sammaan (Respect); Samvad (Dialogue); Sahyog (Co-operation); Shanti (Peace) and Samridhi (Prosperity) framework of India's Indo-Pacific policy represents the guiding principles and objectives that India seeks to promote and uphold in the Indo-Pacific region. 
  • Usage: It can be used in questions related to - India’s Indo-pacific policy, India-ASEAN relationship, QUAD, Bilateral relationship like – India-China, India-USA, India-Australia, China’s assertion in Pacific region, Etc.


Step towards energy efficiency:
  • Case: New Delhi.
  • Step taken: The municipal corporation of Delhi has decided to replace around 60 thousand high-pressure sodium vapor lights on roads with energy-efficient smart LED lights.
Increasing recognition of India’s traditional medicine:
  • A group of High Commissioners and Ambassadors of East and Southern African Countries visited All India Institute of Ayurveda (AIIA), New Delhi and explored the cutting-edge science and interventions of AIIA in the field of Ayurveda and Integrative Health Care.
  • Traditional Medicine has always played an important role in meeting the global health care needs. World Health organization also recognizes its' potential. Bringing Traditional Medicine in main healthcare can bridge access gaps for millions of people across the globe and would be an important step towards people centered and holistic approaches to health and well-being.


Women, Power and Cancer Report by Lancet:
  • It highlighted how societal apathy towards women’s health, lack of awareness and absence of quality expertise at the primary care level delayed their access to cancer prevention, detection and care.
  • Nearly 63% of cancer deaths among women in India could have been prevented by reducing risk factors or screening or diagnosis.
  • Nearly 37% deaths could be averted with appropriate and timely treatment, according to the latest Lancet Commission report on gender and cancer treatment based on 2020 data.
Water stress in India:
  • Agriculture consumes 80% of India’s freshwater resources. According to the Water Resources Group (WRG), by 2030, India will only have 50% of the water it needs.


Prime Minister’s speech:
  • On Youth: Today Bharat is in its 'Amritkaal'. This Amritkaal' belongs to the golden generation like you. Bharat's progress, and the progress of Bharat's youth, is very essential for the progress of the world.
  • On Atmanirbhar Bharat: Self-reliant Bharat should reach the door of prosperity. Self-reliant Bharat shall take self-respect to new heights.


National Human Rights Commission (NHRC):  
  • Definition: It is a statutory (and not a constitutional) body under the Protection of Human Rights Act, 1993 which acts as the watchdog of human rights in the country, that is, the rights relating to life, liberty, equality and dignity of the individual guaranteed by the Constitution or embodied in the international covenants and enforceable by courts in India.
Angle tax: 
  • Definition: Angle tax is a tax introduce in 2012 the Income Tax Act, which is levied on every startup that receives funding from an angel investor when the total investment value exceeds the company's FMV or Fair Market Value.


Quote on Globalisation: We have only begun to encounter the realities of a connected world: the good, the bad and the worrisome”. –  ERIC SCHMIDT
  • Meaning: The quote emphasizes that as our world becomes increasingly interconnected through technology and digital communication, we are still in the early stages of understanding and grappling with the full scope of its implications.
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