27th July - AAJ KA QUALITY ENRICHMENT

output themes
KEYWORDS

Turbocharge India’s digital economy using AI:

  • Meaning: It highlights the importance of artificial intelligence (AI) that can have a transformative impact on various sectors, drive innovation, and accelerate economic growth. 
  • AI, with its ability to process vast amounts of data, analyze patterns, and make predictions, can be a game-changer in shaping India's digital future.
  • Usage: It can be used in questions related to – India’s digital infrastructure, Digital India, S&T (critical technologies and its applications), e-governance etc.
Promoting open innovations: 
  • Meaning: It refers to the practice of fostering collaboration and sharing of ideas, knowledge, and resources among individuals, organizations, and communities to accelerate innovation and problem-solving. 
  • Unlike traditional closed innovation, where ideas are developed and retained within a single organization, open innovation encourages a more inclusive and outward-looking approach. 
  • Usage: It can be used in questions related to - Higher education, PPP collaboration, India’s R&D and government policies, NIP 2020, IPR policy, etc.
Think Big, Dream Big, Act Big:
  • Meaning: It encourages individuals, society or India at large to aspire greatness, set ambitious goals, and take bold actions to achieve them. This mindset emphasizes the importance of having a grand vision for life or endeavors, pursuing passions and dreams fearlessly, and not being limited by self-doubt or the expectations of others.
  • Usage: It can be used in questions related to - India’s ambition of developed nation by 2047, India $5trillion economy, agricultural sector, cooperative societies, MSMEs and unorganized sector, manufacturing. Scientific community, good governance etc.
From Unilateralism to multilateralism: 
  • Meaning: Unilateralism: an approach where a country or state acts independently without seeking or considering the opinions, concerns, or cooperation of other nations.
  • Multilateralism: It is an approach that emphasizes cooperation and coordination between multiple countries or international organizations to address common challenges and achieve shared goals.
  • Usage: It can be used questions related to - Globalization, Bilateral, Regional, and Global Groupings and Agreements like-WTO, UN, etc.
CASE STUDIES/ EXAMPLES

Use of sea-grasses for carbon capture and fight climate change:
  • Case: Coast of Kiel in northern Germany.
  • Steps taken: Training to local citizens to restore seagrass meadows in the Baltic Sea which can help tackle climate change. Seagrasses store more than twice as much carbon from planet-warming carbon dioxide (CO2) per square mile than forests do on land, according to a 2012 study.
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KEY FACTS

Status of manual scavenging in India: Data submitted by the Social Justice Ministry: 
  • Current status: India had seen no deaths due to manual scavenging in the last five years while 330 people died during cleaning of sewers and septic tanks.
  • A total of 530 districts across the country had been reported free of manual scavenging.
  • Initiative Taken: NAMASTE scheme. 
School dropouts in India:
  • According to Unified District Information System for Education Plus (UDISE+) 2021-23:
  • All India dropout rate at secondary school level is more than 12%, with highest drop-outs in Odisha.
  • Drop-outs in higher education: More than half of dropouts were from SC, ST and OBC categories and majority dropped out from postgraduate and PhD programmes.
PM/VP/PRESIDENT SPEECHES

Prime Minister’s speech: 
  • No society can progress by working in a fragmented manner. 
  • India is moving ahead with the principle of ‘Think Big, Dream Big, Act Big’”. He continued “We are creating bigger, better and faster”. 
  • This 3rd decade of this century is extremely crucial for India as our goal is a prosperous India, a ‘Viksit Bharat’. 
  • We should focus on making India developed by following the spirit of Nation First, Citizen First.”
DEFINITION

Carbon leakage:
  • Definition: Carbon leakage is the situation in which, as a result of stringent climate policies, companies move their production abroad to countries with less ambitious climate measures, which can lead to a rise in global greenhouse gas emissions.
Parliamentary privilege:
  • Definition: Under Article 105 of the Constitution, parliamentary privilege is a legal immunity enjoyed by members of legislatures, in which legislators are granted protection against civil or criminal liability for certain actions done or statements made in the course of their legislative duties.
  • Article 194 of the constitution deals with the privileges provided in state legislatures and their members and committees.
QUOTES

Quote on calm and composed behavior: “Those who cannot understand how to put their thoughts on ice should not enter into the heat of debate” - FRIEDRICH NIETZSCHE
  • Meaning: The quote suggests that individuals who are unable to control their emotions or articulate their thoughts calmly and clearly should avoid engaging in heated debates or discussions. 
  • In essence, it advises against participating in contentious conversations if one cannot maintain composure and effectively express their ideas.
Quote on positive thinking: “Change your thoughts and you change your world”. - NORMAN VINCENT PEALE
  • Meaning: The emphasizes the significant impact our thoughts and mindset can have on our perception of the world and the outcomes we experience. 
  • It highlights the power of positive thinking, self-belief, and the ability to reshape our reality through our mental attitude and outlook.
Samadhaan