21th July - AAJ KA QUALITY ENRICHMENT

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KEYWORDS

Massification of laws but deficiency of justice:

  • Meaning: This points to a common issue in legal systems (legislature + judiciary) where there is an abundance of laws, rules, and regulations, but the application of these laws fails to deliver true justice to individuals and society as a whole.
  • Usage: It can be used in questions related to – parliament functioning and legislature, reforms in criminal and civil laws, ease of doing business, social-economic & political justice etc.

A human touch in healthcare: 
  • Meaning: In healthcare, a human touch refers to the compassionate and empathetic care provided by healthcare professionals to their patients. 
  • It goes beyond the technical aspects of medical treatment and focuses on the emotional and psychological well-being of the patient. 
  • Usage: It can be used in questions related to - healthcare and medical ethics. 
  • It can also be used as: Human touch in governance, human touch in justice system etc.

Foster a spirit of collaboration and innovation:
  • Meaning: Fostering a spirit of collaboration and innovation involves creating a culture that encourages and supports - working together, share ideas, and think creatively to drive positive change and achieve shared goals. 
  • Usage: It can be used in questions related to – cooperative and competitive federalism, Education & skill – Academia, scientific community and industry, government and private collaboration, civil society, NGOs and international collaboration, etc.

From Policy logjam to Policy Promotion/ assistance: 
  • Meaning: It involves overcoming obstacles and taking proactive steps to facilitate the formulation, implementation, and effective execution of policies. 
  • Policy logjam refers to a situation where policymaking is stalled or faces significant challenges, resulting in a lack of progress or the inability to address pressing issues. 
  • Policy promotion and assistance, on the other hand, entail measures to foster a conducive policy environment and provide support for the development and implementation of effective policies.
  • Usage: It can be used questions related to - Government Policies & Interventions, Inclusive development, Center-state relations, GST, ease of doing business, economic reforms etc.
CASE STUDIES/ EXAMPLES

Equal representation of women in political sphere:
  • In a historic move, Chairman of Rajya Sabha has nominated four women Parliamentarians to the panel of Vice-Chairpersons.
  • The panel reconstituted contains a total of eight names, out of which half are women. 
  • This is the first time in the history of the Upper House that equal representation has been given to women members in the panel of Vice-Chairpersons.
  • Significan
Initiative for water conservation and ground-water recharge:
  • Central government: Government of India is implementing Jal Shakti Abhiyan (JSA) in the country in which special emphasis is being given for rainwater harvesting/groundwater recharge.
  • State level: Various initiatives for water conservation/rainwater harvesting such as:
  • Mukhyamantri Jal Swavlamban Abhiyan in Rajasthan, 
  • Sujalam Sufalam Abhiyan in Gujarat, 
  • Mission Kakatiya in Telangana, 
  • Neeru Chettu in Andhra Pradesh, 
  • Jal Jeevan Hariyali in Bihar, 
  • Jal Hi Jeevan in Haryana, 
  • Pani Bachao Paise Kamao scheme in Punjab etc.
KEY FACTS

Decrease in out-of-pocket expenditure: After the implementation of Ayushman Bharat: 
  • The share of out-of-pocket expenditure has decreased from 62% in 2015 to about 47% in 2020.
PM/VP/PRESIDENT SPEECHES

Prime Minister’s speech: 
  • On youth:  For our young generation, which is leading the digital world, the Data Protection Bill, particularly, is of great significance in this digital age, as it aims to instill a new sense of confidence in every citizen and elevate India's reputation on the global stage. 
  • On National Research Foundation (NRF): It is a major step in the context of the new education policy, which will empower research, innovation, and provide opportunities for our youth to lead the world through new initiatives and capabilities.
DEFINITION

Carbon Footprint:
  • Definition: A carbon footprint is the total amount of greenhouse gases (including carbon dioxide and methane) that are generated from an activity, product, company or country. 
  • Ecological Footprint:  A method that determines how dependent humans are on natural resources. It is a measure that indicates how much resources from the environment are required to support a specific way of life or business. 
Nationalism:
  • Definition: Nationalism is an ideology that holds that a nation is the fundamental unit for human social life i.e., feeling of togetherness and people share the same race, culture, language, etc. to form an independent country, and that takes precedence over any other social and political principles.
  • Swami Vivekananda’s nationalism: It is associated with spiritualism. His nationalism is based on Humanism and Universalism, the two cardinal features of Indian spiritual culture.
QUOTES

Quote on importance of Health: “To keep the body in good health is a duty, otherwise we shall not be able to keep our mind strong and clear” - BUDDHA
  • Meaning: The quote highlights the vital connection between physical health and mental well-being. 
  • It emphasizes the importance of taking care of our bodies to maintain optimal cognitive functioning and emotional resilience. 
  • This concept has been recognized for centuries and is supported by scientific research as well.
Quote on Freedom: “Freedom is the right to tell people what they do not want to hear”. - GEORGE ORWELL
  • Meaning: It emphasizes the fundamental value of freedom of speech and expression. This idea reflects the principle that in a free and democratic society, individuals have the right to voice their opinions, ideas, and beliefs, even if they are unpopular or contrary to the prevailing views.
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