One economy, one labour pool:

  • Meaning: It suggests the concept of a unified and interconnected economic system that operates with a single, integrated labor force. 
  • In such a scenario, there would be no barriers or distinctions between regions, countries, or sectors when it comes to the movement of workers or the allocation of resources.
  • Usage: It can be used in questions related to – Labour reforms, migration issue, regional and equal development of all states, economic development etc.

Hollowing out of institutions: 
  • Meaning: It refers to a process where the core functions, capacities, and effectiveness of established organizations or institutions gradually diminish or weaken over time. 
  • This erosion can happen for various reasons and can have significant implications for the institutions themselves and the broader society they serve.
  • Usage: It can be used as– 
  • Hollowing out of infrastructure
  • Hollowing out of economy/manufacturing/public schools, Hospitals etc.
  • Hollowing out of parliament, executive and judiciary.

Mantra of Virasat Bhi Aur vikas Bhi:
  • Meaning: The keyword advocates for striking a balance between preserving the rich cultural heritage and values of a society and fostering modernization, innovation, and growth. 
  • Usage: It can be used in questions related to – social and economic development, equality and equity, inclusive growth, preserving traditional knowledge etc.

From BIMARU Pradesh to Saksham Pradesh: 
  • Meaning: BIMARU Pradesh: They are the states which are still backward and have not progressed vis-a-vis other states. It refers to Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, and Uttar Pradesh.
  • Saksham Pradesh: It implies that states have developed in terms of economic growth, healthcare, education, and other areas.
  • Usage: It can be used questions related to Aspirational Districts, Regionalism, Smart Cities, Good Governance, Social Justice, Inclusive development, SDGs, Education, Health, Infrastructure, etc.

Step towards universal social security:
  • Case: Rajasthan.
  • Step taken: Rajasthan government recently tabled Minimum Guaranteed Income Bill, 2023. The Bill largely covers three broad areas:
  • Right to Minimum Guaranteed Income, 
  • Right to Guaranteed Employment and 
  • Right to Guaranteed Social Security Pension.
  • Significance: If passed by the state legislature, it will make Rajasthan many firsts in the country towards universal social security.
Changing attitudes towards girl children:
  • Case:  Satara district, Maharashtra.
  • Objective: To raise awareness about the importance of girls and combat female foeticide as part of the “Save the Girl Child” campaign.
  • Step taken: Name-changing ceremony organized by health officials and the Satara district administration because many women had name which was associated with the disappointment of having a daughter.
  • Significan

Strategic gas reserve in India:
  • While India has strategic reserve of 9.5 days of the country's oil demand, there are currently no strategic natural gas storage facilities.
  • By 2030, India plans to raise the share of natural gas in its primary energy mix from just over 6% to 15%.

Prime Minister speech: 
  • A new model of development of inclusion i.e., ‘Sabka Saath, Sabka Vikas and Sabka Viswas’, is very comprehensive and includes the development of every region and every section of society, and every aspect of life such as education, health and connectivity.
  • Andaman is becoming a living and breathing example of the maha-mantra of virasat bhai aur vikas bhi (development and heritage) going hand in hand.
  • Corruption and dynastic politics always did injustice to the strengths of the common citizens. 

Supreme Court on ED Investigation:
  • Vijay Madanlal Choudhary v. Union of India (2022): The Supreme Court held that ED authorities are not police officers.
  • The SC observed that the process envisaged by Section 50 of the Prevention of Money Laundering Act (PMLA), 2002 is in the nature of an inquiry against the proceeds of crime and is not ‘investigation’ in the strict sense of the term for initiating prosecution.

  • Definition: It is a brain disorder that usually affects people in their 30s and mid-60s (mostly) which slowly destroys memory and thinking skills and, eventually, the ability to carry out the simplest tasks.
  • So far, there has been no concrete cure, but some treatments are done to reduce its effectiveness.

Genetically modified crops or GM crops:
  • Definition: The plants in which DNA has been modified using genetic engineering methods for agricultural purposes are called Genetically modified crops or GM crops.
  • It allows the transfer of genes for specific traits between species.
  • Also known as: Genetically modified organism (GMO), genetically engineered (GE), bioengineered, and transgenic.

Quote on importance of opposition/different view:
“Opposition brings concord. Out of discord comes the fairest harmony” - HERACLITUS
  • Meaning: It suggests that conflicts and disagreements (discord) can lead to a more profound and balanced agreement (concord) and eventually result in the most beautiful and just harmony. 
  • It implies that through the process of confronting differing opinions and working through conflicts, a better and more harmonious outcome can be achieved.
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