From political polarisation to political moderation and political reforms:
  • Meaning: Moving from political polarization to political moderation and political reforms involves addressing the division and extremism present in political discourse by striving for more balanced and constructive approaches. 
  • Usage: It can be used in questions related to: political and electoral reforms in India, inter and intra party democracy, casteism and communalism, hate speech and mob lynching etc.
Prevent, prepare and then respond (2PR Principle): 
  • Meaning: The "Prevent, Prepare, and Respond" (2PR) Principle is a framework that outlines a systematic approach to managing and mitigating various types of risks, crises, or emergencies.
  • Usage: It can be used in questions related to – Health and issues including one health concept, disaster – pre & post disaster (flood, earthquake, landslide, cyclone etc.), community participation and its role, terrorism, climate change etc.
Transition from GDP to JDP (Jobs data product):
  • Meaning: Jobs Data Product (JDP) concept suggests shifting the focus from measuring economic activity solely through the lens of GDP to a measurement that places greater emphasis on employment and jobs data as indicators of economic well-being.
  • Usage: It can be used in questions related to - Economic growth, Jobless growth, employment and unemployment, role of data and data science in policy formulation, India to become a developed economy by 2047 etc.
From G2G to I2I i.e., Industry to Industry collaboration: 
  • Meaning: While G2G (government to government) collaboration addresses broader policy, regulatory, and diplomatic matters, I2I collaboration focuses on industry-specific growth and cooperation. Balancing both types of collaboration can contribute to a resilient and thriving economy.
  • Usage: It can be used in questions to highlight – Trade and investment, Semiconductor Policy of India, Bilateral relationship, Collaboration for technological advancements, skill development of manpower, Governance models etc.

Technological advancement in 3D printing:
  • The country’s first 3D printed post office was recently opened in Bengaluru.
  • It could serve as a template for low-cost housing projects in India.
  • The construction cost is around 30-40% less as compared to a conventional construction model.
Earthquake resistant architectural design:
  • Case: Himachal Pradesh.
  • Architecture and construction design: “Kath Khuni”.
  • Details: Kath-Kuni is an indigenous construction technique prevalent in the isolated hills of northern India, especially in the region of Himachal Pradesh. It reflects a remarkable understanding about appropriate use of local materials, construction techniques and joinery details that stand strong against the climatic and seismic forces of nature.

Livestock sector in India:
  • The livestock sector in India is consistently growing at a high Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of more than 7% during 2014-15 to 2021-22 (at constant prices).
  • It is mainly attributed by parameters of Livestock Sector such as Dairy, Bovine, Poultry, Goatery/Piggery etc. 
  • The livestock sector has contributed about 30% during the year 2021-22 in total agriculture and allied sector GVA (at constant prices).

Prime Minister’s Speech: 
  • On Health: We must be ready to prevent, prepare, and respond to the next health emergency. This is especially important in today's interconnected world. 
  • Underlining that health and environment are organically linked, clean air, safe drinking water, sufficient nutrition, and secure shelter are major factors of health. 
  • Our vision of ''One Earth, One Health'' that envisages good health for the entire ecosystem - for humans, animals, plants, and the environment. He said this integrated view carries Gandhiji's message of not leaving anyone behind.
Prime Minister’s Speech:
  • On Rural development: The “lamp of development” has to be lit up in every village, tehsil and district to make India a developed country by 2047.

Importance of Mediation to reduce pendency of cases: 
  • Singapore Convention (United Nations Convention on International Settlement Agreements Resulting from Mediation): 
  • It has recognized and committed to enforcement of settlement agreements arising out of mediation.
  • India is signatory to this convention. For a country having a backlog of over 4.5 crore cases, mediation needs to be promoted as an alternate means of dispute resolution. 
  • For this, the Mediation Bill, 2021 was recently passed by the Parliament of India.

3D printing :  
  • Definition: 3D technology, also known as ‘additive technology’, is a process that uses computer-created design to make three dimensional objects, layer by layer. 
  • It is an additive process, in which layers of a material like plastic, composites or bio-materials are built up to construct objects of various shapes, sizes, rigidity and colours.
Free Trade Agreement (FTA):
  • Definition: A free trade agreement is a pact between two or more nations to reduce barriers to imports and exports among them. 
  • Under a free trade policy, goods and services can be bought and sold across international borders with little or no government tariffs, quotas, subsidies, or prohibitions to inhibit their exchange.

Quote on Free speech and Artistic expressions: Censorship is to art as lynching is to justice”. – HENRY LOUIS GATES
  • Meaning: The quote emphasizes the negative impact of censorship on artistic expression. Although different in concepts, both is injustice to human being.
  • The quote tries to highlight importance of free speech and expression in society and says that censorship involves restrictions on communication and expression and is injustice to this human rights. 
Quote on Health: “Health is the ultimate wealth, and with good health every task can be accomplished”. -  Ancient Sanskrit saying
  • Meaning: The quote underscores the foundational role that health plays in an individual's life. Having good health not only contributes to a higher quality of life but also enables one to pursue their ambitions and contribute positively to society. It encourages a focus on maintaining and prioritizing health as an essential aspect of overall well-being.