18th August - AAJ KA QUALITY ENRICHMENT

Samadhaan
KEYWORDS

From cultural stereotyping to cross-cultural collaboration:
  • Meaning: It suggests a positive shift from perpetuating harmful cultural stereotypes to actively engaging in productive and respectful interactions between people from different cultural backgrounds.
  • Usage: It can be used in questions related to: Society (paternalism, women subjugation, communalism and mob lynching), fraternity and brotherhood, fundamental duty, migration and refugee (xenophobia), Ek Bharat, Shresta Bharat, ethics etc.
Triple burden of work for women: Paid work, childcare and domestic chores:
  • Meaning: It highlights the challenges and pressures that women face in juggling three significant areas of responsibility:
  • Paid Work: Employment or jobs.
  • Childcare: Taking care of and raising children,
  • Domestic Chores: cooking, cleaning, shopping, and managing household finances
  • Usage: It can be used in questions related to - Challenges with Women empowerment and women labour force participation, challenges with unpaid work of women, MGNEGS, etc.
Middle income trap:
  • Meaning: It is an economic concept that refers to a situation where a country reaches a certain level of income but struggles to continue its growth and progress to higher income levels.
  • Usage: It can be used in questions related to: Problem with India’s transition to developed economy, Economic reforms, India @5$ economy, Manufacturing and export etc.
Planet-changing breakthrough:
  • Meaning: It refers to a significant and groundbreaking discovery, innovation, or achievement that has the potential to profoundly alter the course of the planet's future.
  • Usage: It can be used in questions related to – scientific innovation, critical technologies (superconductivity, quantum computing), women as front-runners, climate justice, etc.
CASE STUDIES/ EXAMPLES

Use of technology to improve policy implementation/MGNREGS:
  • Step taken by: Union Ministry of Rural development.
  • Step taken: According to a standard operating procedure (SOP) recently issued by the Ministry, the drones will be used for four types of monitoring: 
  • Surveying the ongoing works, inspecting the completed works, impact assessment, and special inspection in case of complaints.
Use of technology to forecast flood in advance:
  • The Central Water Commission has launched an app, called ‘Floodwatch’, which can forecast the chances of floods a day in advance. 
  • “The app will also provide State­ wise/basin­ wide flood forecast up to 24 hours or flood advisory, up to seven days, that can be accessed via selecting specific station.
KEY FACTS

Pharmaceutical Industry in India:
  • India has been recognised as the “Pharmacy of the World”. India is the leading country in the world's generic drugs market.
  • FDI up to 100% under the automatic route is permitted for the manufacturing of medical devices.
  • Largest manufacturer in India: The pharmaceutical industry in Gujarat ranks number one in India with a 33% share in drug manufacturing and 28% share of drug exports”.
  • Step taken: National Medical Device Policy 2023, Export-Promotion Council for Medical Devices and a scheme for Assistance of the Medical Device Cluster to promote infrastructure development and strengthen the testing facilities for medical devices in the country”.
JUDGEMENTS/ COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATION

Supreme Court on suspension of MPs:
  • In Ashish Shelar vs Maharashtra Legislative Assembly:
  • The SC in this case held that any suspension of Member of Parliament (MPs) beyond the period prescribed in the rules is
DEFINITION

Remission:
  • Definition: Remission is the pardoning power of President and Governor under Article 72 and Article 161. It implies reducing the period of sentence without changing its character.
  • For example, a sentence of rigorous imprisonment for two years may be remitted to rigorous imprisonment for one year.
Deforestation:
  • Definition: According to Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), deforestation is the conversion of forest to other land uses (regardless of whether it is human-induced).
    • It is the permanent removal of trees from a forest.
QUOTES

Quote on Foreign Policy: If you know a country’s geography, you can understand and predict its foreign policy”. - Napolean Bonaparte

  • Meaning: This statement suggests that a nation's geographical features, location, and physical characteristics have a significant influence on its foreign policy decisions and actions.
    • By analyzing a country's geographic context, one can gain insights into the strategic priorities, security concerns, economic interests, and diplomatic interactions that shape its approach to international relations.

Quote on Developed countries: “Developed countries are characterised by three attributes – rule of law, a strong state and accountable governance”. - Francis Fukuyama

  • Meaning: This statement refers to the key characteristics or qualities that are often observed in countries that have achieved a high level of economic, social, and political development.
    • These attributes play a significant role in contributing to the overall stability, progress, and well-being of a nation. 
Samadhaan