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Difference of primary and secondary citizens:

  • Meaning: The term "primary citizens" and "secondary citizens" may be used to describe a distinction between individuals who possess different privileges or rights compared to others within a particular society.
  • Usage: It can be used in questions related to – distinctions based on Caste and religion, communalism, hate and fake speech, UCC etc.
Technology hub of the world: 
  • Meaning: It refers to a geographical location or region that has a concentration of technology-related companies, research institutions, and a supportive ecosystem for innovation and entrepreneurship. 
  • Usage: It can be used in questions related to India as technology hub, digitalisation, cyber threats, critical technologies like – AI, IoT, MI etc.
Integrate the “Internet of Things “with “Emotions of Things”:
  • Meaning: It signifies the integration of technology and human emotions and values. It also signifies the importance of protecting the impact of technology on human.
  • Usage: It can be used in questions related to Human aspect of technology, Technology and its impacts, cybersecurity, data theft and privacy issue etc.
Aspiration to Inspiration: 
  • Meaning: Moving from aspiration to inspiration involves transforming your personal desires and goals into a state of motivation, enthusiasm, and creativity. It entails finding sources of inspiration that fuel your aspirations and drive you to take action. 
  • Usage: It can be used in questions related to – Aspirational districts and rural areas, rural-urban connect, women empowerment: from aspiration to inspiration, agriculture, divyangjans etc.
From Systematic discrimination to universal equality:
  • Meaning: Systematic discrimination: It can be described as patterns of behavior, policies, or practices that are part of the structures of an organization, and which create or perpetuate disadvantage based on caste, creed, sex, religion etc.
  • Universal equality: It means that all human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights.
  • Usage: It can be used in questions related to Indian Society, Women Empowerment, equality and equity, LGBTQ+ Rights, Reservation, Social Justice, Inclusive development, SDGs, etc.

Example of people-outreach by civil servant:
  • Civil servant: DC Sakshi Sawhney.
  • Case: Ludhiana, Punjab.
  • Work done: At times of crisis erupted due to flood like situation, she used the social media platform to pacify citizens for their security and is present in-person with the people directly to dispel any rumours or misinformation.
  • Significan

  • Lithium-ion battery production in the world:
  • In 2022, China accounted for around 77% of global lithium-ion battery production capacity.
  • India accounted for just 0. 2%.
  • By 2027: China will retain its dominance in this sector (69% of total production capacity), although the US and European nations will significantly up their game to become the top battery producers in the world.
  • Need: India needs to seriously expand its battery-manufacturing base to propel its domestic EV industry. 

President Speech on Students/Young generation: 
  • Students/Young generation are expected to think about those people of the society who have been left behind in the developmental journey. 
  • The sense of responsibility towards the society would also prove useful for their progress, as helping others develops one's abilities too. 
  • It is the duty of every Institute to make innovative efforts to take forward India and prepare students to find solutions to the problems of the country through their thoughts and actions. 
  • Our institutions, students and industries would work together to make India the biggest technology hub of the world.

  • Bombay High court on increasing age of consensual sexual relationship:
  • The Bombay High Court recently said that it was high time that our country and the Parliament were cognisant of the happenings around the world.
  • Concern: The increasing number of criminal cases under the Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (POCSO) Act.
  • The “criminalisation of romantic relationships has overburdened the criminal justice system by consuming significant time of the judiciary, police, and the child protection system”.
  • Supreme court on adultery:
  • In Joseph Shine vs Union of India (2018): The Court decriminalized adultery as defined under Section 497 of the Indian Penal Code (IPC). 

  • Flash floods Ways and Means Advances (WMA): 
  • Definition: It is a facility for both the Centre and states to borrow from the RBI, meant purely to help them to tide over temporary mismatches in cash flows of their receipts and expenditures. 
  • They aren’t a source of finance per se. 
  • Section 17(5) of the RBI Act, 1934 authorizes the central bank to lend WMA subject to their being repayable “not later than three months from the date of the making of the advance”.
  • Cyber-Security:
  • Definition: Cyber security refers to the technologies, processes, and practices designed to protect cyber spaces including critical information infrastructure networks, devices, programs, and data from attack, damage, or unauthorized access. 
  • Cyber security may also be referred to as information technology security. 

  • Quote on importance of historical learning: “The struggle of man against power is the struggle of memory against forgetting” - MILAN KUNDERA
  • Meaning: It highlights the importance of memory and remembrance in resisting oppressive systems or structures of power. 
  • It suggests that by remembering and preserving the past, particularly the injustices and struggles faced by individuals or communities, people can challenge and resist the abuses of power.
  • Quote on Focus: “The successful warrior is the average man with laser-like focus”. - Bruce Lee
  • Meaning: It suggests that success in any endeavor can be achieved by an individual who possesses a focused and dedicated mindset, even if they may be considered average in other aspects.
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