Aaj Ka Quality Enrichment Program     13th July 2023     Save    
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Epoch of belief and spring of hope:

  • Meaning: This keyword evokes a sense of optimism and a time characterized by faith and aspirations. It suggests a period in which people collectively hold strong beliefs and have a renewed sense of hope for the future.
  • Usage: It can be used in questions related to - Demographic dividend, women participation in social, economic and political spheres, India’s opportunity to become a developed nation. $5trillion economy etc.
Dharmic civilisational ethos to constitutional civilisational ethos: 
  • Meaning: It reflects a shift in the guiding principles and values that shape a society or civilization.
  • Dharmic civilisational ethos: It refers to a framework rooted in the Dharmic traditions.
  • Constitutional civilisational ethos: It enters around the principles and values outlined in a constitution. It places importance on the rule of law, individual rights, equality, democracy, and the protection of human rights.
  • Usage: It can be used in questions related to - Democracy, inclusiveness, tolerance, communalism and separatism, UCC etc.
Cross learning: 
  • Meaning: Also known as interdisciplinary learning, refers to the process of gaining knowledge, insights, or skills from different disciplines, fields, or domains and applying them in a new context. 
  • It involves drawing connections, identifying commonalities, and integrating ideas from diverse areas of study to foster innovation, problem-solving, and creativity.
  • Usage: It can be used in questions related to India’s education system, Skill development, NEP 2020 etc.
From Retrospective Justice to Restorative Justice:
  • Meaning: Retrospective Justice: It attempts to administer justice decades or centuries after the commission of a severe injustice or series of injustices against persons, communities, nations, or ethnic groups.
  • Restorative Justice: It is meant to rehabilitate and get the offender back into society while focusing on the victims of the crime.
  • Usage: It can be used in questions related to Indian Society, Social Justice, Good Governance, Refugee, Migration, Inclusive Development, SDGs, etc.

Scheme for old age people:
  • Atal Vayo Abhyuday Yojana (AVYAY): An umbrela scheme launched by Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment.
  • Aim: Empowering senior citizens, to ensure their well-being, active participation and inclusion in all aspects of life.
  • Description: It will provide financial assistance to eligible organization’s for running and maintenance of Senior Citizen Homes/ Continuous Care Homes to improve the quality of life of the senior citizens, especially indigent senior citizens by providing basic amenities, entertainment opportunities and by encouraging productive and active ageing.
  • Significan

Negatives of crypto-currencies: 

  • A UN report noted nearly 20% of serious criminal attacks now involved cryptocurrency funding, crypto tokens.
  • UNODC’s Darknet Threat Assessment Report 2020 says the use of cyberspace and cryptocurrencies in illicit darknet markets is a challenge for law enforcement.
Critical minerals: Key Facts:
  • All of India’s lithium requirement is imported from countries such as Chile, Russia, China, Ireland, and Belgium.
  • Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulation) Act lifted the ban on commercial mining of six critical minerals. 
  • New prospected sites in India: GSI has found the presence of significant lithium reserves in Jammu and Kashmir and in Rajasthan.

President’s Speech:
  • On India’s diversity: India is a multi-cultural, multi-lingual, multi-ethnic and multi-religious society, celebrates unity in diversity. 
  • On India-Saudi Arabia relationship: India attaches great importance to its relationship with Saudi Arabia. The two countries have a longstanding history of amicable relations rooted in trade and people to people ties. Both our countries have valuable teachings to share with the world.
  • On Terrorism: There is a need for a holistic approach to counter terrorism and violent extremism, and this is possible only by engaging with moderate schools of thoughts.

  • Definition: Defamation is the act of communicating false statements about a person that injure the reputation of that person when observed through the eyes of ordinary man. 
  • Any false and unprivileged statement published or spoken deliberately, intentionally, knowingly with the intention to damage someone's reputation is defamation.
  • Defamation is an offence under both the civil and criminal law. 
  • Origin: Section 499 of the Indian Penal Code, 1860.
Quiet diplomacy:
  • Definition: Quiet diplomacy refers to one state's efforts to influence the behavior of another state through discreet negotiations or actions.
  • It is a way of doing diplomacy where negotiations are done secretly, behind closed doors. 
Rule of law:
  • Definition: According to UN, the rule of law is a principle of governance in which all persons, institutions and entities, public and private, including the State itself, are accountable to laws that are publicly promulgated, equally enforced and independently adjudicated, and which are consistent with international human rights norms and standards.
  • It means that no man is above law and also that every person is subject to the jurisdiction of ordinary courts of law irrespective of their position and rank.

  • Quote on chaos and order: “Chaos was the law of nature; Order was the dream of man” - HENRY ADAMS
  • Meaning: This quote reflects a philosophical perspective on the relationship between chaos and order. 
  • It suggests that in the natural world, chaos is the prevailing force, while order is a human construct or aspiration.
  • Quote on importance of small steps: “Success is the sum of small efforts, repeated day in. and day out”. - ROBERT COLLIER
  • Meaning: It means is that success isn’t handed to anyone. It’s achieved by hard work and what we do every day to get to our goal. 
  • Our efforts don’t have to be big leaps and bounds to achieve success, take a realistic approach to taking the necessary steps.
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