12th October - AAJ KA QUALITY ENRICHMENT

Samadhaan

KEYWORDS

Environmental footprint of human actions:
  • Meaning: It refers to the impact that various human activities have on the natural environment. It is a measure of how our actions and behaviors affect the planet, particularly in terms of resource consumption, pollution, and ecological degradation. 
  • Usage: It can be used in questions related to – Manufacturing, Industries and GHGs emission, climate change and environmental degradation, Mission LiFE, Carbon footprint and climate justice Etc.
From regressive views on gender equality to more inclusive and progressive gender equality: 
  • Meaning: It represents a journey or transition from outdated, discriminatory, or biased perspectives regarding gender equality to a more open, fair, and forward-thinking approach.
  • Usage: It can be used in questions related to – Reservation for women, women bill, 2023, women empowerment, equality and equity, women in labour force, and political sphere, inclusive growth etc.
From decade of disruption to decade of collaboration, and transformation:
  • Meaning: This keyword/term suggests a shift in focus and priorities from a period characterized by challenges and upheavals (disruption) to a period emphasizing working together and profound changes (collaboration and transformation).
  • Usage: It can be used in questions related to – International relations (de-globalisation, protectionist policies, trade war, conflicts, covid etc.), Polity (Inter-states and Centre-state relations), good governance, Society (religious and caste tolerance, communalism) Etc.
Youth as community change agents and nation builders: 
  • Meaning: It emphasizes the significant and active role that young people can play in shaping their communities and contributing to the development and progress of their nations.
  • Usage: It can be used in questions related to - Demographic dividend and youth power, Youth as agent of change, Atmanirbhar Bharat, Make in India, India as a developed nation by 2027 Etc.

CASE STUDIES/ EXAMPLES

Example of govt. step to harness youth power:
  • Step taken: The government has launched an initiative to establish of an autonomous body called Mera Yuva Bharat (MY Bharat) for “youth-led development and to provide equitable access to the youth”.
  • The platform is meant to offer suitable opportunities for youngsters to engage in voluntary work in the field of their choice and look for such opportunities across the country. 
  • It will act as a one-stop shop for young people and various central government ministries, and will also create a centralised youth database.

KEY FACTS

Key Facts related to energy sector in India: As per Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas:
  • India is world’s 3rd largest consumer of oil, 3rd largest LPG consumer, 4th largest LNG importer, 4th largest refiner, 4th largest automobile market.
  • India will account for 25% of global energy demand growth over the next two decades.
  • India is today the 3rd largest producer and user of ethanol and Ethanol blending in petrol has increased from 1.5% in 2014 to currently around 12%.

PM/VP/PRESIDENT SPEECHES

President of India’s Speech:
  • On Youth: Our youth move towards the light of education and towards the light of peace, the more our country will progress.  The society and country whose youth follow the path of development and discipline, move forward on the path of progress and prosperity.
Prime Minister’s speech:
  • On India’s growth potential: Powered by the strength and skills of our people, India is a global bright spot, a powerhouse of growth and innovation. 

JUDGEMENTS/ COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATION

Election commission of India (ECI) recommendation on improving voters’ turnout:
  • In late 2022, the Election Commission of India (ECI) proposed a Remote EVM (R-EVM) to address issues related to domestic migrant voting. 
  • The goal was to improve the 67.4% voter turnout in the 2019 general election.

DEFINITION

GDP Deflator:  
  • Definition: The GDP deflator, also called implicit price deflator, is a measure of inflation. It is the ratio of the value of goods and services an economy produces in a particular year at current prices to that of prices that prevailed during the base year.
Egalitarian society:
  • Definition: An egalitarian society is one in which the distribution of wealth, resources, and opportunities is relatively equal among all its members. In such a society, there is a strong emphasis on minimizing or eliminating social and economic disparities based on factors like gender, race, income, or social status.

QUOTES

Quote on capacity to shape future: The best way to predict the future is to create it”. –  Abraham Lincoln
  • Meaning: The quote emphasizes the idea that individuals and organizations have the power to shape and influence their own future through intentional planning and action. 
  • In practical terms, creating your future involves setting specific goals, making plans, taking consistent action, and being open to learning and adapting along the way. 
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