output themes


From ‘greatest good to greatest number’ to ‘equitable well-being for all’:
  • Meaning: While the former concept emphasizes maximizing overall benefits, often in a utilitarian sense, the latter concept underscores the importance of ensuring fairness, justice, and inclusivity in distributing those benefits. 
  • Usage: It can be used in questions related to: Society (Social and economic equality, inclusive and sustainable development), ethics (utilitarian principle to principle of equity, Benthamism), government policies and schemes etc.
India at an inflection point in digital governance: 
  • Meaning: It means that India is currently undergoing a critical juncture or turning point in the way it governs and manages its affairs using digital technologies.
  • This implies that there is a significant shift, change, or acceleration happening in the adoption, implementation, and utilization of digital tools, platforms, and strategies for various aspects of governance.
  • Usage: It can be used in questions related to - Digital India, Data protection Bill, Critical technologies etc.
  • Extended use: Inflection point in - Ripening demographic dividend, attracting investment, India to become a developed nation, innovation and skill etc.
Rising India led by She-shakti:
  • Meaning: It highlights the emergence and empowerment of women (She-shakti) as key leaders and drivers of India's progress and growth.
  • This conveys the idea that women are playing a significant role in various sectors of Indian society, including politics, economics, education, technology, and more, and that their contributions are leading the country towards greater achievements.
  • Usage: It can be used in questions related to – Women empowerment, women role in economic growth (a developed nation), etc.

Unifying thread of the nation: 

  • Meaning: It refers to a common element, value, belief, or principle that brings together the diverse and often disparate parts of a country's population. It is a unifying factor that binds people.
  • Usage: It can be used in questions related to – Ek bharat, shrestra bharat, importance of GST, cultures, languages, etc., Fundamental duty and fraternity etc.

From missed chance at modernization to a leap into the future:

  • Meaning: It suggests a transformative shift from a period of stagnation or missed opportunities for progress to a dynamic and forward-looking approach.
  • This conveys the idea that a society or entity has recognized past shortcomings or failures to embrace modernization and is now making a bold and decisive move to propel itself into a more advanced and innovative future.
  • Usage: Reforms in criminal and civil laws, society (caste, religious reforms), India to become a developed nation by 2047, ripening of growing technologies etc.

Modification of Agricultural Practices to Combat Climate Change:
  • Crop Diversification Programme (CDP): The Department of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare (DA&FW) is it under Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana, to divert the area of water intensive paddy crop to alternative crops like pulses, oilseeds, coarse cereals, nutricereals, cotton etc. 
  • Support by the central gov. to state gov. under:
  • National Food Security Mission (NFSM): To encourage diversified production of crops.
  • Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture (MIDH) and Mission Organic Value Chain Development for North Eastern Region (MOVCDNER): To encourage production of high value horticultural and organic crops.
  • Bharatiya Prakritik Krishi Paddhati (BPKP): Under Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY) promotes on-farm biomass recycling with major stress on biomass mulching, use of on-farm cow dung-urine formulations from local livestock.

Elephant population and conservation in India:
  • Although elephants are found in 13 countries, India hosts more than 60% of the global wild elephant population. 
  • Elephant population in India has significantly increased to around 30,000.
  • Project Elephant was launched in 1991-92 as a centrally sponsored scheme to protect and conserve elephants.
  • So far, 33 Elephant reserves have been established in 14 elephant states.
Pulses production in India:
  • From 2019 to 2023, the pulses production in India has increased consistently.
  • During the last 10 years, India’s production of pulses has gone up about 50%.
  • India is the largest producer (25% of global production), largest consumer (27% of world consumption) and largest importer (15%) of pulses in the world.
Improvement in nutritional status of girls and mothers:
  • As per National Family Health Surveys (NFHS) between 2015 to 2021: 
  • Stunting: Reduced from 38.4% in NFHS-4 to 35.5% in NFHS-5
  • Wasting: Reduced from 21.0% to 19.3% and 
  • Underweight: Reduced from 35.8% to 32.1%. 
  • Prevalence of underweight women (15-49 years): Reduced from 22.9% in NFHS-4 to 18.7% in NFHS-5.
  • As per Poshan Tracker: Out of measurement of about 7 crore children in 2023, 7% were wasted and 19% underweight, which is significantly lower than NFHS indicators.

President’s Speech: 
  • On Women: India is poised to become the third largest economy in the near future. But it would not be possible without the contribution of half of our population (i.e., women). Contribution of our sisters and daughters is essential in achieving the goal of a developed India.

  • Definition: It Hydroponics is the technique of growing plants using a water-based nutrient solution rather than soil.
  • Aquaponics: This technique of growing plants without soil combines hydroponics with aquaculture (i.e., fisheries).
  • Aeroponics: It is a variation of hydroponics, in which plants are suspended in air, with roots being intermittently sprayed with a nutrient solution by an automated sprinkler system. 
Equality before law:
  • Definition: Equality before the law contained in Article 14 of the Indian constitution is taken from British law which is a declaration of equality of all persons within the territory of India, implying absence of any special privilege in favour of any individual.
  • Equal protection of law: It is taken from American constitution and signifies that that amongst equals the law should be equal and should be equally administered and the likes should be treated alike. 

Quote on Setting Goals and Achievement: High achievement always takes place in the framework of high expectation”. - CHARLES KETTERING
  • Meaning: The quote suggests that setting ambitious goals and having high expectations are essential for achieving significant success. 
  • This statement emphasizes that people tend to perform at their best when they believe in their capabilities and are driven by a strong sense of purpose and aspiration.
output themes